Projects like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey have provided a wealth of cosmological data for scientists to explore in detail. However, making use of those terabytes — and generating far more data in the process of simulating and analyzing new concepts — is highlighting the bottlenecks for scientific computing at massive scale.
Computation is commonly considered the third mode of science, where the previous modes or paradigms were experimentation/observation and theory. With the introduction of high performance supercomputers, the methods of scientific research could include mathematical models and simulation of phenomenon that are too expensive or beyond our experiment’s reach. With the advent of cloud computing, a fourth mode of science is on the horizon.
Customers can bid for compute cycles on unused capacity.