Taming the Long Tail of Science

By Tiffany Trader

October 15, 2012

To the new age set, it may be the age of Aquarius, but to researchers everywhere, it’s the age of data. Just about every machine nowadays doubles as a data collection mechanism and while some of it has more immediate “low-hanging” value, the far greater portion must be managed, annotated and curated to extract that potential. This is the long end of the data tail and its stretch is vast. In an effort to wrangle this data beast, the National Science Foundation is proposing a new organization, the Institute for Empowering Long Tail Research, as part of its Scientific Software Innovation Institutes program.

long tailLike their “missing middle” counterpart, much of America’s research community does not have the necessary tools to transform ever-growing data feeds into scientific knowledge. The Computation Institute, along with co-collaborators – the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of Arizona, the University of Washington and the University of Southern California – have received a $500,000 one-year planning grant from the NSF, to examine how innovative software can optimize the research process.

Ian Foster, Director of the Computation Institute, explains that “with limited resources and expertise, even simple data discovery, collection, analysis, management, and sharing tasks are difficult for small teams.” In an official statement, he says that “this project represents the first significant effort to understand and articulate these researchers’ needs and translate them into a coherent roadmap for future research.”

The phrase “long end of the tail” describes a statistical distribution in which a high-frequency population is followed by a low-frequency population which gradually tails off. The events at the farthest end of the tail have the lowest probability of occurrence. The concept is used to describe the retailing strategy of selling a high number of low-demand items, in which the proceeds from your less-popular items (through the sheer number of them) can create as much, or more, profit than your best-selling items.

Amazon and Netflix are well-known for employing this kind of business strategy, but the long-end of the tail shows up in lots of places. It’s the small and medium-sized businesses that are responsible for generating most of the nation’s wealth, and it’s the smaller labs that carry out the majority of science.

“For these small teams, the growing importance of cyberinfrastructure and its applications in discovery and innovation is as much problem as opportunity,” notes Bill Howe, Affiliate Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington. The long tail of science has an unfortunate consequence, adds Howe: “modern computational methods often are not exploited, much valuable data goes unshared, and too much time is consumed by routine tasks.”

The project aims to change this dynamic. Researchers from domains as varied as biology, economics and metagenomics will work together to figure out better ways of managing data. The long-end of the science tail may be a time-consuming affair, but as with the business world, the returns can be well worth it, a sentiment shared by project partner Bryan Heidorn, Director of the School of Information Resources and Library Science at the University of Arizona:

“There may only be a few scientists worldwide that would want to see a particular boutique data set, but there are many thousands of these data sets. Access to these data sets can have a very substantial impact on science. In fact, it seems likely that transformative science is more likely to come from the tail than the head.”

The teams are already looking at cloud computing-based tools like Globus Online as way to offload the more mundane tasks, such as monitoring data transfers, to free up time for more important endeavors. As the project makes headway, the collaborators will propose a second funding round, but there is no doubt about the institute’s potential, says Foster:

“We believe that a Scientific Software Innovation Institute focused on long tail research can have a transformative impact on US science,” he shares. “By accelerating discovery and innovation in those small laboratories where most research occurs, we can increase total research output, strengthen the powerhouses of US research, and motivate and prepare students to participate more effectively in research careers.”

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

What’s Hot and What’s Not at ISC 2018?

June 22, 2018

As the calendar rolls around to late June we see the ISC conference, held in Frankfurt (June 24th-28th), heave into view. With some of the pre-show announcements already starting to roll out, what do we think some of the Read more…

By Dairsie Latimer

Servers in Orbit, HPE Apollos Make 4,500 Trips Around Earth

June 22, 2018

The International Space Station shines a little brighter in the night sky thanks to what amounts to an orbiting supercomputer lofted to the outpost last year as part of a year-long experiment to determine if high-end com Read more…

By George Leopold

HPCwire Readers’ and Editors’ Choice Awards Turns 15

June 22, 2018

A hallmark of sustainability is this: If you are not serving a need effectively and efficiently you do not last. The HPCwire Readers’ and Editors’ Choice awards program has stood the test of time. Each year, our read Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

HPC and AI Convergence is Accelerating New Levels of Intelligence

Data analytics is the most valuable tool in the digital marketplace – so much so that organizations are employing high performance computing (HPC) capabilities to rapidly collect, share, and analyze endless streams of data. Read more…

IBM Accelerated Insights

Taking the AI Training Wheels Off: From PoC to Production

Even though it seems simple now, there were a lot of skills to master in learning to ride a bike. From balancing on two wheels, and steering in a straight line, to going around corners and stopping before running over the dog, it took lots of practice to master these skills. Read more…

Tribute: Dr. Bob Borchers, 1936-2018

June 21, 2018

Dr. Bob Borchers, a leader in the high performance computing community for decades, passed away peacefully in Maui, Hawaii, on June 7th. His memorial service will be held on June 22nd in Reston, Virginia. Dr. Borchers Read more…

By Ann Redelfs

What’s Hot and What’s Not at ISC 2018?

June 22, 2018

As the calendar rolls around to late June we see the ISC conference, held in Frankfurt (June 24th-28th), heave into view. With some of the pre-show announcement Read more…

By Dairsie Latimer

Servers in Orbit, HPE Apollos Make 4,500 Trips Around Earth

June 22, 2018

The International Space Station shines a little brighter in the night sky thanks to what amounts to an orbiting supercomputer lofted to the outpost last year as Read more…

By George Leopold

HPCwire Readers’ and Editors’ Choice Awards Turns 15

June 22, 2018

A hallmark of sustainability is this: If you are not serving a need effectively and efficiently you do not last. The HPCwire Readers’ and Editors’ Choice aw Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

ISC 2018 Preview from @hpcnotes

June 21, 2018

Prepare for your social media feed to be saturated with #HPC, #ISC18, #Top500, etc. Prepare for your mainstream media to talk about supercomputers (in between t Read more…

By Andrew Jones

AMD’s EPYC Road to Redemption in Six Slides

June 21, 2018

A year ago AMD returned to the server market with its EPYC processor line. The earth didn’t tremble but folks took notice. People remember the Opteron fondly Read more…

By John Russell

European HPC Summit Week and PRACEdays 2018: Slaying Dragons and SHAPEing Futures One SME at a Time

June 20, 2018

The University of Ljubljana in Slovenia hosted the third annual EHPCSW18 and fifth annual PRACEdays18 events which opened May 29, 2018. The conference was chair Read more…

By Elizabeth Leake (STEM-Trek for HPCwire)

Cray Introduces All Flash Lustre Storage Solution Targeting HPC

June 19, 2018

Citing the rise of IOPS-intensive workflows and more affordable flash technology, Cray today introduced the L300F, a scalable all-flash storage solution whose p Read more…

By John Russell

Sandia to Take Delivery of World’s Largest Arm System

June 18, 2018

While the enterprise remains circumspect on prospects for Arm servers in the datacenter, the leadership HPC community is taking a bolder, brighter view of the x86 server CPU alternative. Amongst current and planned Arm HPC installations – i.e., the innovative Mont-Blanc project, led by Bull/Atos, the 'Isambard’ Cray XC50 going into the University of Bristol, and commitments from both Japan and France among others -- HPE is announcing that it will be supply the United States National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with a 2.3 petaflops peak Arm-based system, named Astra. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

MLPerf – Will New Machine Learning Benchmark Help Propel AI Forward?

May 2, 2018

Let the AI benchmarking wars begin. Today, a diverse group from academia and industry – Google, Baidu, Intel, AMD, Harvard, and Stanford among them – releas Read more…

By John Russell

How the Cloud Is Falling Short for HPC

March 15, 2018

The last couple of years have seen cloud computing gradually build some legitimacy within the HPC world, but still the HPC industry lies far behind enterprise I Read more…

By Chris Downing

US Plans $1.8 Billion Spend on DOE Exascale Supercomputing

April 11, 2018

On Monday, the United States Department of Energy announced its intention to procure up to three exascale supercomputers at a cost of up to $1.8 billion with th Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Deep Learning at 15 PFlops Enables Training for Extreme Weather Identification at Scale

March 19, 2018

Petaflop per second deep learning training performance on the NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center) Cori supercomputer has given climate Read more…

By Rob Farber

ORNL Summit Supercomputer Is Officially Here

June 8, 2018

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) together with IBM and Nvidia celebrated the official unveiling of the Department of Energy (DOE) Summit supercomputer toda Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Nvidia Responds to Google TPU Benchmarking

April 10, 2017

Nvidia highlights strengths of its newest GPU silicon in response to Google's report on the performance and energy advantages of its custom tensor processor. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Hennessy & Patterson: A New Golden Age for Computer Architecture

April 17, 2018

On Monday June 4, 2018, 2017 A.M. Turing Award Winners John L. Hennessy and David A. Patterson will deliver the Turing Lecture at the 45th International Sympo Read more…

By Staff

Google Chases Quantum Supremacy with 72-Qubit Processor

March 7, 2018

Google pulled ahead of the pack this week in the race toward "quantum supremacy," with the introduction of a new 72-qubit quantum processor called Bristlecone. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

SC17 Booth Video Tours Playlist

Altair @ SC17

Altair

AMD @ SC17

AMD

ASRock Rack @ SC17

ASRock Rack

CEJN @ SC17

CEJN

DDN Storage @ SC17

DDN Storage

Huawei @ SC17

Huawei

IBM @ SC17

IBM

IBM Power Systems @ SC17

IBM Power Systems

Intel @ SC17

Intel

Lenovo @ SC17

Lenovo

Mellanox Technologies @ SC17

Mellanox Technologies

Microsoft @ SC17

Microsoft

Penguin Computing @ SC17

Penguin Computing

Pure Storage @ SC17

Pure Storage

Supericro @ SC17

Supericro

Tyan @ SC17

Tyan

Univa @ SC17

Univa

Google I/O 2018: AI Everywhere; TPU 3.0 Delivers 100+ Petaflops but Requires Liquid Cooling

May 9, 2018

All things AI dominated discussion at yesterday’s opening of Google’s I/O 2018 developers meeting covering much of Google's near-term product roadmap. The e Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia Ups Hardware Game with 16-GPU DGX-2 Server and 18-Port NVSwitch

March 27, 2018

Nvidia unveiled a raft of new products from its annual technology conference in San Jose today, and despite not offering up a new chip architecture, there were still a few surprises in store for HPC hardware aficionados. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Pattern Computer – Startup Claims Breakthrough in ‘Pattern Discovery’ Technology

May 23, 2018

If it weren’t for the heavy-hitter technology team behind start-up Pattern Computer, which emerged from stealth today in a live-streamed event from San Franci Read more…

By John Russell

Sandia to Take Delivery of World’s Largest Arm System

June 18, 2018

While the enterprise remains circumspect on prospects for Arm servers in the datacenter, the leadership HPC community is taking a bolder, brighter view of the x86 server CPU alternative. Amongst current and planned Arm HPC installations – i.e., the innovative Mont-Blanc project, led by Bull/Atos, the 'Isambard’ Cray XC50 going into the University of Bristol, and commitments from both Japan and France among others -- HPE is announcing that it will be supply the United States National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with a 2.3 petaflops peak Arm-based system, named Astra. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Part One: Deep Dive into 2018 Trends in Life Sciences HPC

March 1, 2018

Life sciences is an interesting lens through which to see HPC. It is perhaps not an obvious choice, given life sciences’ relative newness as a heavy user of H Read more…

By John Russell

Intel Pledges First Commercial Nervana Product ‘Spring Crest’ in 2019

May 24, 2018

At its AI developer conference in San Francisco yesterday, Intel embraced a holistic approach to AI and showed off a broad AI portfolio that includes Xeon processors, Movidius technologies, FPGAs and Intel’s Nervana Neural Network Processors (NNPs), based on the technology it acquired in 2016. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Charts Two-Dimensional Quantum Course

April 26, 2018

Quantum error correction, essential for achieving universal fault-tolerant quantum computation, is one of the main challenges of the quantum computing field and it’s top of mind for Google’s John Martinis. At a presentation last week at the HPC User Forum in Tucson, Martinis, one of the world's foremost experts in quantum computing, emphasized... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Cray Rolls Out AMD-Based CS500; More to Follow?

April 18, 2018

Cray was the latest OEM to bring AMD back into the fold with introduction today of a CS500 option based on AMD’s Epyc processor line. The move follows Cray’ Read more…

By John Russell

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This