Blue Waters Seals Off with Tape

By Nicole Hemsoth

May 30, 2013

This week the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) confirmed that its anticipated 380 petabyte High Performance Storage System (HPSS) is up and running to support the data-laden needs of Blue Waters.

HPSS is the result of a long-term academic and vendor (IBM) collaboration to create a hierarchical storage management and services paradigm that addresses scalability limitations that some researchers and enterprise users face in terms of capacity, file size, data rates, total objects stored and sheer number of users.

While it’s often associated with supercomputing sites, it’s also aimed at addressing the needs of highly parallel systems and workstations in enterprise settings who wish scale to the petabyte range (which it has proven) and beyond.

The center says their newly minted HPSS environment consists of multiple “automated tape libraries, dozens of high performance data movers, a large 40 GbE network, hundreds of high performance tape drives and about 100,000 tape cartridges. They point to this as an expansion of their ability to digest large research data volumes while remaining scalable as future data needs grow as it lets them keep active data closer to the compute.

Part of what made this a fit for the projects set to run on Blue Waters is the ability to move massive files between storage elements rapidly. NCSA says their implementation of the HPSS hierarchical file system software allows them to efficiently manage the access and storage of hundreds of fast petabytes while allowing them to address the lifecycle of that information by kicking the inactive data to tape where it rests until it’s needed again. While in theory, this sounds rather simple, it’s taken the teams who’ve developed it since 1992 to perfect it to the point of petabyte-level pushing.

The center’s pre-production acceptance testing revealed some notable successes. NCSA claims they demonstrated, for over 5 billion files within a single name space, constant file ingest and retrieval performance, independent of the number of files in the system.

They were also able to ingest 426 terabytes and retrieve 499 terabytes in one 24-hour period—yielding a rather impressive 38.5 per hour throughput. Center officials claim what during its initial period it maintained an average rate of 5.5 terabytes per hour.

Michelle Butler, NCSA’s senior technical program manager for storage and networking, recalls that during the more than 25 years the center has run archives and near-line systems “It took us 19 years to reach our first petabyte and an additional year to accumulate the second petabyte. For the Blue Waters system, we had our first petabyte in just two weeks.”

HPSS is a longstanding effort led by IBM and select Department of Energy Labs (LBNL, LLNL, ORNL, Argonne and Sandia), although with broader university and supercomputing center support. When the teams first set about looking for a highly scalable storage system, the impetus even then was addressing a proliferation of ever-mounting data volumes. Now, at a time when the challenges of “big data” are on everyone’s lips, the fruits of the HPSS Collaboration and resulting hierarchical storage management (HSM) archive efforts are readier than ever to pluck, especially as data management, storage and I/O challenges are more prescient.

The team behind the collaborative HPSS effort says that now they’ve proven themselves in petabyte realms, the future of exaflop ranges requires the ability to keep scaling storage in various dimensions by another factor of 1,000, especially to keep pace with the types of newer, real-time applications designed to run on massive systems. They note that they “believe the HPSS architecture and basic implementation, built around a scalable relational database management system (in this case IBM’s DB2) make it well suited to these challenges.”

The following map lends a sense of how widespread the sites are that have rolled out petabytes or more in a single HPSS file system.

According to Bill Kramer, the deputy project director on the Blue Waters project, this makes Blue Waters the “most data-focused, data-intensive system available to the U.S. science and engineering community. The center notes that the addition of this arsenal marks the world’s largest near-line data repository for open science.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

UCSD Web-based Tool Tracking CA Wildfires Generates 1.5M Views

October 16, 2017

Tracking the wildfires raging in northern CA is an unpleasant but necessary part of guiding efforts to fight the fires and safely evacuate affected residents. One such tool – Firemap – is a web-based tool developed b Read more…

By John Russell

Exascale Imperative: New Movie from HPE Makes a Compelling Case

October 13, 2017

Why is pursuing exascale computing so important? In a new video – Hewlett Packard Enterprise: Eighteen Zeros – four HPE executives, a prominent national lab HPC researcher, and HPCwire managing editor Tiffany Trader Read more…

By John Russell

Intel Delivers 17-Qubit Quantum Chip to European Research Partner

October 10, 2017

On Tuesday, Intel delivered a 17-qubit superconducting test chip to research partner QuTech, the quantum research institute of Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in the Netherlands. The announcement marks a major milestone in the 10-year, $50-million collaborative relationship with TU Delft and TNO, the Dutch Organization for Applied Research, to accelerate advancements in quantum computing. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

“Lunch & Learn” to Explore the Growing Applications of Genomic Analytics

In the digital age of medicine, healthcare providers are rapidly transforming their approach to patient care. Traditional technologies are no longer sufficient to process vast quantities of medical data (including patient histories, treatment plans, diagnostic reports, and more), challenging organizations to invest in a new style of IT to enable faster and higher-quality care. Read more…

Fujitsu Tapped to Build 37-Petaflops ABCI System for AIST

October 10, 2017

Fujitsu announced today it will build the long-planned AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure (ABCI) which is set to become the fastest supercomputer system in Japan and will begin operation in fiscal 2018 (starts in April). A Read more…

By John Russell

Intel Delivers 17-Qubit Quantum Chip to European Research Partner

October 10, 2017

On Tuesday, Intel delivered a 17-qubit superconducting test chip to research partner QuTech, the quantum research institute of Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in the Netherlands. The announcement marks a major milestone in the 10-year, $50-million collaborative relationship with TU Delft and TNO, the Dutch Organization for Applied Research, to accelerate advancements in quantum computing. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Fujitsu Tapped to Build 37-Petaflops ABCI System for AIST

October 10, 2017

Fujitsu announced today it will build the long-planned AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure (ABCI) which is set to become the fastest supercomputer system in Japan Read more…

By John Russell

HPC Chips – A Veritable Smorgasbord?

October 10, 2017

For the first time since AMD's ill-fated launch of Bulldozer the answer to the question, 'Which CPU will be in my next HPC system?' doesn't have to be 'Whichever variety of Intel Xeon E5 they are selling when we procure'. Read more…

By Dairsie Latimer

Delays, Smoke, Records & Markets – A Candid Conversation with Cray CEO Peter Ungaro

October 5, 2017

Earlier this month, Tom Tabor, publisher of HPCwire and I had a very personal conversation with Cray CEO Peter Ungaro. Cray has been on something of a Cinderell Read more…

By Tiffany Trader & Tom Tabor

Intel Debuts Programmable Acceleration Card

October 5, 2017

With a view toward supporting complex, data-intensive applications, such as AI inference, video streaming analytics, database acceleration and genomics, Intel i Read more…

By Doug Black

OLCF’s 200 Petaflops Summit Machine Still Slated for 2018 Start-up

October 3, 2017

The Department of Energy’s planned 200 petaflops Summit computer, which is currently being installed at Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, is on track t Read more…

By John Russell

US Exascale Program – Some Additional Clarity

September 28, 2017

The last time we left the Department of Energy’s exascale computing program in July, things were looking very positive. Both the U.S. House and Senate had pas Read more…

By Alex R. Larzelere

US Coalesces Plans for First Exascale Supercomputer: Aurora in 2021

September 27, 2017

At the Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) meeting, in Arlington, Va., yesterday (Sept. 26), it was revealed that the "Aurora" supercompute Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

How ‘Knights Mill’ Gets Its Deep Learning Flops

June 22, 2017

Intel, the subject of much speculation regarding the delayed, rewritten or potentially canceled “Aurora” contract (the Argonne Lab part of the CORAL “ Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Reinders: “AVX-512 May Be a Hidden Gem” in Intel Xeon Scalable Processors

June 29, 2017

Imagine if we could use vector processing on something other than just floating point problems.  Today, GPUs and CPUs work tirelessly to accelerate algorithms Read more…

By James Reinders

NERSC Scales Scientific Deep Learning to 15 Petaflops

August 28, 2017

A collaborative effort between Intel, NERSC and Stanford has delivered the first 15-petaflops deep learning software running on HPC platforms and is, according Read more…

By Rob Farber

Oracle Layoffs Reportedly Hit SPARC and Solaris Hard

September 7, 2017

Oracle’s latest layoffs have many wondering if this is the end of the line for the SPARC processor and Solaris OS development. As reported by multiple sources Read more…

By John Russell

US Coalesces Plans for First Exascale Supercomputer: Aurora in 2021

September 27, 2017

At the Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) meeting, in Arlington, Va., yesterday (Sept. 26), it was revealed that the "Aurora" supercompute Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Releases Deeplearn.js to Further Democratize Machine Learning

August 17, 2017

Spreading the use of machine learning tools is one of the goals of Google’s PAIR (People + AI Research) initiative, which was introduced in early July. Last w Read more…

By John Russell

Graphcore Readies Launch of 16nm Colossus-IPU Chip

July 20, 2017

A second $30 million funding round for U.K. AI chip developer Graphcore sets up the company to go to market with its “intelligent processing unit” (IPU) in Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

GlobalFoundries Puts Wind in AMD’s Sails with 12nm FinFET

September 24, 2017

From its annual tech conference last week (Sept. 20), where GlobalFoundries welcomed more than 600 semiconductor professionals (reaching the Santa Clara venue Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

Amazon Debuts New AMD-based GPU Instances for Graphics Acceleration

September 12, 2017

Last week Amazon Web Services (AWS) streaming service, AppStream 2.0, introduced a new GPU instance called Graphics Design intended to accelerate graphics. The Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia Responds to Google TPU Benchmarking

April 10, 2017

Nvidia highlights strengths of its newest GPU silicon in response to Google's report on the performance and energy advantages of its custom tensor processor. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

EU Funds 20 Million Euro ARM+FPGA Exascale Project

September 7, 2017

At the Barcelona Supercomputer Centre on Wednesday (Sept. 6), 16 partners gathered to launch the EuroEXA project, which invests €20 million over three-and-a-half years into exascale-focused research and development. Led by the Horizon 2020 program, EuroEXA picks up the banner of a triad of partner projects — ExaNeSt, EcoScale and ExaNoDe — building on their work... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Cray Moves to Acquire the Seagate ClusterStor Line

July 28, 2017

This week Cray announced that it is picking up Seagate's ClusterStor HPC storage array business for an undisclosed sum. "In short we're effectively transitioning the bulk of the ClusterStor product line to Cray," said CEO Peter Ungaro. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Delays, Smoke, Records & Markets – A Candid Conversation with Cray CEO Peter Ungaro

October 5, 2017

Earlier this month, Tom Tabor, publisher of HPCwire and I had a very personal conversation with Cray CEO Peter Ungaro. Cray has been on something of a Cinderell Read more…

By Tiffany Trader & Tom Tabor

IBM Advances Web-based Quantum Programming

September 5, 2017

IBM Research is pairing its Jupyter-based Data Science Experience notebook environment with its cloud-based quantum computer, IBM Q, in hopes of encouraging a new class of entrepreneurial user to solve intractable problems that even exceed the capabilities of the best AI systems. Read more…

By Alex Woodie

Intel Launches Software Tools to Ease FPGA Programming

September 5, 2017

Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) have a reputation for being difficult to program, requiring expertise in specialty languages, like Verilog or VHDL. Easin Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Intel, NERSC and University Partners Launch New Big Data Center

August 17, 2017

A collaboration between the Department of Energy’s National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), Intel and five Intel Parallel Computing Cente Read more…

By Linda Barney

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Share This