Manufacturing Exascale

July 7, 2014

Exascale systems are certainly the current buzz in high performance computing. While theoretical projections suggest the possibility to have an exascale system by 2018, reality tells us that a usable supercomputer of that size will require at least few years into the next decade. Simply adopting the current approach – more of the same but bigger and faster – will not work, due to constraints in power availability, cost and scalability of applications. The entire HPC industry has taken very seriously the exascale challenge and a wealth of investments has been deployed in order to overcome what would otherwise be a possible showstopper for the progress in science and technology.

The challenge of building a supercomputer capable of executing exaflop/s calculations is holistic, involving every aspect of an HPC system design, from chip to application. Manufactures and integrators, in particular, have to master many disciplines like computer science, electronics, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, thermodynamics and even hydraulics.

One HPC system manufacturer that has always nurtured skills and technologies that could prove useful to the exascale challenge is Eurotech, a global supercomputing and Aurora Tigon Eurora Installation at CINECAembedded systems company based in northern Italy.

Eurotech HPC division designs and manufactures HPC systems and delivers HPC solutions to a variety of customers. Eurotech makes every part of their HPC systems (boards, interconnects, water cooling, mechanics…) and hence retains the control over the entire system development. These competences, together with a history of successful collaborations with relevant European research institutions, have made Eurotech an ideal partner for exascale research projects.

At Eurotech, they think the big contribution they can give to exascale is taking computer science theory and the best technologies available into systems that are usable and affordable. This is the approach Eurotech has taken in research projects like DEEP and QPACE2, which are at the forefront of the European exascale run.

Both projects aim to develop novel HPC architectures, where accelerators, coupled with low power CPUs or CPU clusters, take the heavy part of the computation, delivering very high energy efficiency results.

“Eventually we aim to get products out of the R&D projects we are involved” – says Giovanbattista Mattiussi, marketing manager HPC at Eurotech – “For instance, in QPACE2 we are applying a new, extremely energy efficient and modular architecture which will provide the base for a new Aurora line. Productizing new technologies and architectures makes them usable and cost effective, so available to everybody”

Eurotech envisages that the combination of novel extremely energy efficient architectures and liquid cooling should provide the grounds to build exascale systems.

Regarding power consumption, Eurotech has always used an “energy aware” approach in their HPC design so that now they manufacture some of the most energy efficient machines in the market. Recently, Eurotech presented a new HPC architecture, based on X-Gene, the Applied Micro ARM 64 bit CPU, with the support for 4 Nvidia Tesla K40. This is an additional step in the direction of higher energy efficiency.

Contact cooling is widely used within Eurotech for applications other than HPC, like embedded computing. According to Paul Arts, R&D director at Eurotech, the competence for cooling and thermal design is far from new in the group. This has allowed the company to develop a sound experience in direct water cooling, taking it through different improvement stages to the new version of the Aurora hot direct cooling, lighter, more compact and more effective.

It is highly likely that future exascale systems will be heterogeneous, including in one system different computation and storage components, like processors, accelerators, FPGAs, Aurora Bricks System NodeNVMs… This is one of the reasons the company developed the Aurora Bricks, an innovative and modular HPC system that allows composing and configuring different types of HPC servers starting from out of the box components.

Also, exascale systems will use so many components, that it will be almost impossible for the whole system to operate without faults. Resiliency, so the ability to recover from faults, will be paramount. As a manufacturer, Eurotech aims to make their systems as much reliable as possible and also providing to applications all information they need to prevent and manage faults. The balance of prevention, system reliability and resilience is the most promising approach for large scale systems fault management.

Eurotech also thinks that technologies for exascale will be leveraged in many systems that won’t necessarily perform at exaflop/s level. Requirements for exascale, like extreme energy efficiency, density, heterogeneity, reliability will also fit many applications where now power, space and performance constraints are preventing feasible solutions. The fact Eurotech has an HPEC (high performance embedded computing) development centre in California demonstrates the will of the company to fulfil a pervasive high performance computing vision.

Building an exascale machine will be most probably possible soon. It is HPC system manufacturers that will have to make that machine affordable and usable. It is the HPC community that will need to develop the programming models needed to support a new generation of parallel applications.

www.eurotech.com/aurora

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

European HPC Summit Week and PRACEdays 2018: Slaying Dragons and SHAPEing Futures One SME at a Time

June 20, 2018

The University of Ljubljana in Slovenia hosted the third annual EHPCSW18 and fifth annual PRACEdays18 events which opened May 29, 2018. The conference was chaired by PRACE Council Vice-Chair Sergi Girona (Barcelona Super Read more…

By Elizabeth Leake (STEM-Trek for HPCwire)

An Overview of ‘OpenACC for Programmers’ from the Book’s Editors

June 20, 2018

In an era of multicore processors coupled with manycore accelerators in all kinds of devices from smartphones all the way to supercomputers, it is important to train current and future computational scientists of all dom Read more…

By Sunita Chandrasekaran and Guido Juckeland

Cray Introduces All Flash Lustre Storage Solution Targeting HPC

June 19, 2018

Citing the rise of IOPS-intensive workflows and more affordable flash technology, Cray today introduced the L300F, a scalable all-flash storage solution whose primary use case is to support high IOPS rates to/from a scra Read more…

By John Russell

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

HPC and AI Convergence is Accelerating New Levels of Intelligence

Data analytics is the most valuable tool in the digital marketplace – so much so that organizations are employing high performance computing (HPC) capabilities to rapidly collect, share, and analyze endless streams of data. Read more…

IBM Accelerated Insights

Preview the World’s Smartest Supercomputer at ISC 2018

Introducing an accelerated IT infrastructure for HPC & AI workloads Read more…

Lenovo to Debut ‘Neptune’ Cooling Technologies at ISC

June 19, 2018

Lenovo today announced a set of cooling technologies, dubbed Neptune, that include direct to node (DTN) warm water cooling, rear door heat exchanger (RDHX), and hybrid solutions that combine air and liquid cooling. Lenov Read more…

By John Russell

European HPC Summit Week and PRACEdays 2018: Slaying Dragons and SHAPEing Futures One SME at a Time

June 20, 2018

The University of Ljubljana in Slovenia hosted the third annual EHPCSW18 and fifth annual PRACEdays18 events which opened May 29, 2018. The conference was chair Read more…

By Elizabeth Leake (STEM-Trek for HPCwire)

Cray Introduces All Flash Lustre Storage Solution Targeting HPC

June 19, 2018

Citing the rise of IOPS-intensive workflows and more affordable flash technology, Cray today introduced the L300F, a scalable all-flash storage solution whose p Read more…

By John Russell

Sandia to Take Delivery of World’s Largest Arm System

June 18, 2018

While the enterprise remains circumspect on prospects for Arm servers in the datacenter, the leadership HPC community is taking a bolder, brighter view of the x86 server CPU alternative. Amongst current and planned Arm HPC installations – i.e., the innovative Mont-Blanc project, led by Bull/Atos, the 'Isambard’ Cray XC50 going into the University of Bristol, and commitments from both Japan and France among others -- HPE is announcing that it will be supply the United States National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with a 2.3 petaflops peak Arm-based system, named Astra. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

The Machine Learning Hype Cycle and HPC

June 14, 2018

Like many other HPC professionals I’m following the hype cycle around machine learning/deep learning with interest. I subscribe to the view that we’re probably approaching the ‘peak of inflated expectation’ but not quite yet starting the descent into the ‘trough of disillusionment. This still raises the probability that... Read more…

By Dairsie Latimer

Xiaoxiang Zhu Receives the 2018 PRACE Ada Lovelace Award for HPC

June 13, 2018

Xiaoxiang Zhu, who works for the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Technical University of Munich (TUM), was awarded the 2018 PRACE Ada Lovelace Award for HPC for her outstanding contributions in the field of high performance computing (HPC) in Europe. Read more…

By Elizabeth Leake

U.S Considering Launch of National Quantum Initiative

June 11, 2018

Sometime this month the U.S. House Science Committee will introduce legislation to launch a 10-year National Quantum Initiative, according to a recent report by Read more…

By John Russell

ORNL Summit Supercomputer Is Officially Here

June 8, 2018

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) together with IBM and Nvidia celebrated the official unveiling of the Department of Energy (DOE) Summit supercomputer toda Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Exascale USA – Continuing to Move Forward

June 6, 2018

The end of May 2018, saw several important events that continue to advance the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Exascale Computing Initiative (ECI) for the United Read more…

By Alex R. Larzelere

MLPerf – Will New Machine Learning Benchmark Help Propel AI Forward?

May 2, 2018

Let the AI benchmarking wars begin. Today, a diverse group from academia and industry – Google, Baidu, Intel, AMD, Harvard, and Stanford among them – releas Read more…

By John Russell

How the Cloud Is Falling Short for HPC

March 15, 2018

The last couple of years have seen cloud computing gradually build some legitimacy within the HPC world, but still the HPC industry lies far behind enterprise I Read more…

By Chris Downing

US Plans $1.8 Billion Spend on DOE Exascale Supercomputing

April 11, 2018

On Monday, the United States Department of Energy announced its intention to procure up to three exascale supercomputers at a cost of up to $1.8 billion with th Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Deep Learning at 15 PFlops Enables Training for Extreme Weather Identification at Scale

March 19, 2018

Petaflop per second deep learning training performance on the NERSC (National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center) Cori supercomputer has given climate Read more…

By Rob Farber

Lenovo Unveils Warm Water Cooled ThinkSystem SD650 in Rampup to LRZ Install

February 22, 2018

This week Lenovo took the wraps off the ThinkSystem SD650 high-density server with third-generation direct water cooling technology developed in tandem with par Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

ORNL Summit Supercomputer Is Officially Here

June 8, 2018

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) together with IBM and Nvidia celebrated the official unveiling of the Department of Energy (DOE) Summit supercomputer toda Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Nvidia Responds to Google TPU Benchmarking

April 10, 2017

Nvidia highlights strengths of its newest GPU silicon in response to Google's report on the performance and energy advantages of its custom tensor processor. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Hennessy & Patterson: A New Golden Age for Computer Architecture

April 17, 2018

On Monday June 4, 2018, 2017 A.M. Turing Award Winners John L. Hennessy and David A. Patterson will deliver the Turing Lecture at the 45th International Sympo Read more…

By Staff

Leading Solution Providers

SC17 Booth Video Tours Playlist

Altair @ SC17

Altair

AMD @ SC17

AMD

ASRock Rack @ SC17

ASRock Rack

CEJN @ SC17

CEJN

DDN Storage @ SC17

DDN Storage

Huawei @ SC17

Huawei

IBM @ SC17

IBM

IBM Power Systems @ SC17

IBM Power Systems

Intel @ SC17

Intel

Lenovo @ SC17

Lenovo

Mellanox Technologies @ SC17

Mellanox Technologies

Microsoft @ SC17

Microsoft

Penguin Computing @ SC17

Penguin Computing

Pure Storage @ SC17

Pure Storage

Supericro @ SC17

Supericro

Tyan @ SC17

Tyan

Univa @ SC17

Univa

Google Chases Quantum Supremacy with 72-Qubit Processor

March 7, 2018

Google pulled ahead of the pack this week in the race toward "quantum supremacy," with the introduction of a new 72-qubit quantum processor called Bristlecone. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google I/O 2018: AI Everywhere; TPU 3.0 Delivers 100+ Petaflops but Requires Liquid Cooling

May 9, 2018

All things AI dominated discussion at yesterday’s opening of Google’s I/O 2018 developers meeting covering much of Google's near-term product roadmap. The e Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia Ups Hardware Game with 16-GPU DGX-2 Server and 18-Port NVSwitch

March 27, 2018

Nvidia unveiled a raft of new products from its annual technology conference in San Jose today, and despite not offering up a new chip architecture, there were still a few surprises in store for HPC hardware aficionados. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Pattern Computer – Startup Claims Breakthrough in ‘Pattern Discovery’ Technology

May 23, 2018

If it weren’t for the heavy-hitter technology team behind start-up Pattern Computer, which emerged from stealth today in a live-streamed event from San Franci Read more…

By John Russell

HPE Wins $57 Million DoD Supercomputing Contract

February 20, 2018

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) today revealed details of its massive $57 million HPC contract with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The deal calls for HP Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Part One: Deep Dive into 2018 Trends in Life Sciences HPC

March 1, 2018

Life sciences is an interesting lens through which to see HPC. It is perhaps not an obvious choice, given life sciences’ relative newness as a heavy user of H Read more…

By John Russell

Intel Pledges First Commercial Nervana Product ‘Spring Crest’ in 2019

May 24, 2018

At its AI developer conference in San Francisco yesterday, Intel embraced a holistic approach to AI and showed off a broad AI portfolio that includes Xeon processors, Movidius technologies, FPGAs and Intel’s Nervana Neural Network Processors (NNPs), based on the technology it acquired in 2016. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Charts Two-Dimensional Quantum Course

April 26, 2018

Quantum error correction, essential for achieving universal fault-tolerant quantum computation, is one of the main challenges of the quantum computing field and it’s top of mind for Google’s John Martinis. At a presentation last week at the HPC User Forum in Tucson, Martinis, one of the world's foremost experts in quantum computing, emphasized... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This