Big Data Needs Big Funding: NSF’s Jahanian Makes The Case

By Ceci Jones Schrock

July 23, 2014

There’s no doubt that advanced computing and cyberinfrastructure are accelerating the pace of discovery and innovation in almost every field of inquiry. For Farnam Jahanian, this point was driven home in a recent meeting with senior members of the US Department of Agriculture. Yes, even farmers are getting in on the data/computation revolution.

“At the Department of Agriculture, we talked about important issues such as food safety and vertical farming. You’d be surprised how many times data was mentioned: data integration, data management, data curation, computer simulation, and modeling,” said Jahanian, National Science Foundation assistant director for the Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) Directorate. Jahanian shared this anecdote with attendees of his plenary talk, “The Transformative Impact of Computing and Communication in a Data-Driven World,”at the 2014 Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) conference in Atlanta July 13-18.

As the outgoing CISE assistant director whose tenure ends August 31, Jahanian talked about the societal advances cyberinfrastructure is enabling all over the world – and the need for the United States to increase funding for this important work.

“As a nation, we haven’t recognized that [funding cyberinfrastructure] is the cost of doing business. We have to fund it. … We have to make it a priority for the country,” said Jahanian. “I want to give you my assurance, as I’m entering the end of my tenure at NSF, that these dialogues are taking place within the foundation—they have been for a while—but the volume has increased and the recognition that we need to do more and more has grown.”

To Jahanian, increased funding will lead to advances for humans across the globe. From cancer treatments and renewable energy sources to weather models and ideas for reducing traffic congestion, data and computation are yielding more accurate predictions – saving money and lives.

As an example, Jahanian cited the work of Daphne Koller, a computer science professor at Stanford University, whose data mining research is yielding breakthroughs in the study of breast cancer. As the most common cancer among American women, breast cancer kills 40,000 people a year.

“Cyberinfrastructure resources are providing a deeper understanding of causal relationships, not just correlation,” he said. “By doing image analyses of breast cancer biopsies, Koller and her colleagues have identified feature sets that are great predictors for cancer survival. And here’s what’s amazing: these features are not from cancer tissues themselves – they are from adjacent tissues, something that had gone unnoticed by pathologists and clinicians for decades,” Jahanian noted.

Discoveries like these are made possible by learning to harness the data explosion that is all around us – what Jahanian calls a “data tsunami.” Consider these facts: the number of networked devices equaled the global human population just a few years ago. By 2015 or 2016, that number will be twice the population of earth. By 2015, it will take five years to view all the videos crossing IP networks in one second.

Mobile devices and social media are contributing to the data influx in huge ways. In 2012, approximately 1 billion people spent about 10 minutes a day on Facebook. By 2013, Facebook was collecting 500TB of data every day. In the Twitterverse, more than 250 million active users produce 400 million tweets daily.

The key to managing all that data, according to Jahanian, is a well-funded cyberinfrastructure system. “Discovery and intervention across disciplines demands advanced cyberinfrastructure, but demand has far exceeded our investments over the last decade,” Jahanian said. “The nation really does need another significant infusion of funding, along the scale of the early days of high performance computing. It’s time for us to do that, but by taking a much larger broader perspective of what cyberinfrastructure is: computation, data, people, and so on.”

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

China’s TianHe-2A will Use Proprietary Accelerator and Boast 94 Petaflops Peak

September 25, 2017

The details of China’s upgrade to TianHe-2 (MilkyWay-2) – now TianHe-2A – were revealed last week at the Third International High Performance Computing Forum (IHPCF2017) in China. The TianHe-2A will use a proprieta Read more…

By John Russell

SC17 Preview: Invited Talk Lineup Includes Gordon Bell, Paul Messina and Many Others

September 25, 2017

With the addition of esteemed supercomputing pioneer Gordon Bell to its invited talk lineup, SC17 now boasts a total of 12 invited talks on its agenda. As SC explains, "Invited Talks are a premier component of the SC Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

GlobalFoundries Puts Wind in AMD’s Sails with 12nm FinFET

September 24, 2017

From its annual tech conference last week (Sept. 20), where GlobalFoundries welcomed more than 600 semiconductor professionals (reaching the Santa Clara venue’s max capacity and doubling 2016 attendee numbers), the one Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

HPE Prepares Customers for Success with the HPC Software Portfolio

High performance computing (HPC) software is key to harnessing the full power of HPC environments. Development and management tools enable IT departments to streamline installation and maintenance of their systems as well as create, optimize, and run their HPC applications. Read more…

Machine Learning at HPC User Forum: Drilling into Specific Use Cases

September 22, 2017

The 66th HPC User Forum held September 5-7, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, at the elegant and historic Pfister Hotel, highlighting the 1893 Victorian décor and art of “The Grand Hotel Of The West,” contrasted nicely with Read more…

By Arno Kolster

China’s TianHe-2A will Use Proprietary Accelerator and Boast 94 Petaflops Peak

September 25, 2017

The details of China’s upgrade to TianHe-2 (MilkyWay-2) – now TianHe-2A – were revealed last week at the Third International High Performance Computing Fo Read more…

By John Russell

GlobalFoundries Puts Wind in AMD’s Sails with 12nm FinFET

September 24, 2017

From its annual tech conference last week (Sept. 20), where GlobalFoundries welcomed more than 600 semiconductor professionals (reaching the Santa Clara venue Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Machine Learning at HPC User Forum: Drilling into Specific Use Cases

September 22, 2017

The 66th HPC User Forum held September 5-7, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, at the elegant and historic Pfister Hotel, highlighting the 1893 Victorian décor and art o Read more…

By Arno Kolster

Stanford University and UberCloud Achieve Breakthrough in Living Heart Simulations

September 21, 2017

Cardiac arrhythmia can be an undesirable and potentially lethal side effect of drugs. During this condition, the electrical activity of the heart turns chaotic, Read more…

By Wolfgang Gentzsch, UberCloud, and Francisco Sahli, Stanford University

PNNL’s Center for Advanced Tech Evaluation Seeks Wider HPC Community Ties

September 21, 2017

Two years ago the Department of Energy established the Center for Advanced Technology Evaluation (CENATE) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). CENAT Read more…

By John Russell

Exascale Computing Project Names Doug Kothe as Director

September 20, 2017

The Department of Energy’s Exascale Computing Project (ECP) has named Doug Kothe as its new director effective October 1. He replaces Paul Messina, who is stepping down after two years to return to Argonne National Laboratory. Kothe is a 32-year veteran of DOE’s National Laboratory System. Read more…

Takeaways from the Milwaukee HPC User Forum

September 19, 2017

Milwaukee’s elegant Pfister Hotel hosted approximately 100 attendees for the 66th HPC User Forum (September 5-7, 2017). In the original home city of Pabst Blu Read more…

By Merle Giles

Kathy Yelick Charts the Promise and Progress of Exascale Science

September 15, 2017

On Friday, Sept. 8, Kathy Yelick of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley, delivered the keynote address on “Breakthrough Science at the Exascale” at the ACM Europe Conference in Barcelona. In conjunction with her presentation, Yelick agreed to a short Q&A discussion with HPCwire. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

How ‘Knights Mill’ Gets Its Deep Learning Flops

June 22, 2017

Intel, the subject of much speculation regarding the delayed, rewritten or potentially canceled “Aurora” contract (the Argonne Lab part of the CORAL “ Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Reinders: “AVX-512 May Be a Hidden Gem” in Intel Xeon Scalable Processors

June 29, 2017

Imagine if we could use vector processing on something other than just floating point problems.  Today, GPUs and CPUs work tirelessly to accelerate algorithms Read more…

By James Reinders

NERSC Scales Scientific Deep Learning to 15 Petaflops

August 28, 2017

A collaborative effort between Intel, NERSC and Stanford has delivered the first 15-petaflops deep learning software running on HPC platforms and is, according Read more…

By Rob Farber

Oracle Layoffs Reportedly Hit SPARC and Solaris Hard

September 7, 2017

Oracle’s latest layoffs have many wondering if this is the end of the line for the SPARC processor and Solaris OS development. As reported by multiple sources Read more…

By John Russell

Six Exascale PathForward Vendors Selected; DoE Providing $258M

June 15, 2017

The much-anticipated PathForward awards for hardware R&D in support of the Exascale Computing Project were announced today with six vendors selected – AMD Read more…

By John Russell

Top500 Results: Latest List Trends and What’s in Store

June 19, 2017

Greetings from Frankfurt and the 2017 International Supercomputing Conference where the latest Top500 list has just been revealed. Although there were no major Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

IBM Clears Path to 5nm with Silicon Nanosheets

June 5, 2017

Two years since announcing the industry’s first 7nm node test chip, IBM and its research alliance partners GlobalFoundries and Samsung have developed a proces Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Nvidia Responds to Google TPU Benchmarking

April 10, 2017

Nvidia highlights strengths of its newest GPU silicon in response to Google's report on the performance and energy advantages of its custom tensor processor. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

Graphcore Readies Launch of 16nm Colossus-IPU Chip

July 20, 2017

A second $30 million funding round for U.K. AI chip developer Graphcore sets up the company to go to market with its “intelligent processing unit” (IPU) in Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Releases Deeplearn.js to Further Democratize Machine Learning

August 17, 2017

Spreading the use of machine learning tools is one of the goals of Google’s PAIR (People + AI Research) initiative, which was introduced in early July. Last w Read more…

By John Russell

Russian Researchers Claim First Quantum-Safe Blockchain

May 25, 2017

The Russian Quantum Center today announced it has overcome the threat of quantum cryptography by creating the first quantum-safe blockchain, securing cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, along with classified government communications and other sensitive digital transfers. Read more…

By Doug Black

EU Funds 20 Million Euro ARM+FPGA Exascale Project

September 7, 2017

At the Barcelona Supercomputer Centre on Wednesday (Sept. 6), 16 partners gathered to launch the EuroEXA project, which invests €20 million over three-and-a-half years into exascale-focused research and development. Led by the Horizon 2020 program, EuroEXA picks up the banner of a triad of partner projects — ExaNeSt, EcoScale and ExaNoDe — building on their work... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Debuts TPU v2 and will Add to Google Cloud

May 25, 2017

Not long after stirring attention in the deep learning/AI community by revealing the details of its Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), Google last week announced the Read more…

By John Russell

Amazon Debuts New AMD-based GPU Instances for Graphics Acceleration

September 12, 2017

Last week Amazon Web Services (AWS) streaming service, AppStream 2.0, introduced a new GPU instance called Graphics Design intended to accelerate graphics. The Read more…

By John Russell

Cray Moves to Acquire the Seagate ClusterStor Line

July 28, 2017

This week Cray announced that it is picking up Seagate's ClusterStor HPC storage array business for an undisclosed sum. "In short we're effectively transitioning the bulk of the ClusterStor product line to Cray," said CEO Peter Ungaro. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

IBM Advances Web-based Quantum Programming

September 5, 2017

IBM Research is pairing its Jupyter-based Data Science Experience notebook environment with its cloud-based quantum computer, IBM Q, in hopes of encouraging a new class of entrepreneurial user to solve intractable problems that even exceed the capabilities of the best AI systems. Read more…

By Alex Woodie

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Share This