Supercomputing Wrap: Top Stories from SC14

By Nicole Hemsoth

November 22, 2014

As we noted in a few different pieces throughout the week, there has been little change in the Top 500 supercomputer rankings with Tianhe-2 still maintaining its dramatic edge over other systems. While we expect some new systems to enter the list in time for the June rundown, the very large machines we heard about this week, most notably those that are part of the CORAL procurements, are a couple of years away.

For anyone who has followed the news of the week, it likely comes as no surprise that the CORAL systems were the top announcements at SC14. This means also that IBM and the future of Power systems for HPC were also a hot topic, as well as what this shift means for NVIDIA’s Tesla business unit. While there is quite a bit on that we’ve shared throughout the week, IBM is back in HPC along, of course, with Lenovo, which according to IDC analysts at this week’s briefing on the HPC market, could consume a large portion the Top 500 list in the coming years, possibly usurping HP, which is the dominant server player for HPC systems.

On that note, Lenovo had a strong SC week with announcements that included a new HPC Innovation Center in Stuttgart, Germany where they will work with partners Intel and Mellanox, as well as a 2-socket server offering with Xeon E5-2698A v3 processors that will be made available in the specialty NextScale systems. The company demonstrated their “Petacube” this week at the show, showing how users can condense a petaflop into a densely configured set of two “Knights Landing” powered 42U-tall racks. This was of great interest to those we talked to, in part because of the Knight’s Landing hook, but there was a new Knight inducted into the community this week.

Intel let loose on more information around the upcoming “Knights Landing” chips, which are expected to emerge in 2015, as well as offered a much more extended sense of the roadmap for increasing floating point performance with the eventual “Knights Hill” codename we first heard this week. For the sake of space, take a gander at this deep dive for a sense of how Intel is pushing performance for its coprocessor and future direction.

While Intel remains the unquestionable leader in the CPU space, accelerator adoption via NVIDIA GPUs and Intel Xeon Phi are on a slower but steady growth curve. While we weren’t treated to any news about the future of NVIDIA’s Maxwell GPUs at the show, the company did unveil the K80, its next-generation GPU. As reported this week, “This GPU is different from the GK110B GPU used in the Tesla K40 coprocessor in a few ways, including a doubling of the shared GDDR5 memory and registers in the chip. The GK210 also sports an improved GPU Boost overclocking mechanism that allows for the two GPU chips on the card to squeeze out the maximum performance given the thermal envelope of the systems in which they are tucked and the nature of the workload as it is running.”

This development, coupled with NVIDIA’s work with IBM in the OpenPower space, which we will see come to fruition in the 2017 timeframe, is set to heat up competition (finally) on the chip front. With Power9, an emerging ARM 64 ecosystem, and plenty of new combinations of other accelerators, including new FPGA and even DSP-fueled low-power processor options, the wait for a more interesting, diverse mix of systems won’t be much longer.

There seem to be some shifting winds for a few vendors who have had a presence in supercomputing but now seem keen on moving with more force into the segment. For instance, at the last couple of SC and ISC events, AMD has been more of a “seen but not heard” presence, in part because the din around Intel and NVIDIA has always been heavy. However, it’s worth pointing out that AMD did have a series of announcements that might signal a renewed interest in HPC, powered in part by FastForward 2 research and development funds.

This week the company announced that it would have an unstated stake in the $32 million overall funds set aside to push the next generation of exascale-class applications. According to AMD, the funds will go toward moving “AMD’s APUs based on the open standard heterogeneous system architecture (HAS), as well as future memory systems to power a generation of exascale supercomputers capable of delivering 30-60 times more performance than today’s fastest supercomputers.”

AMD’s FirePro cards were at the heart of the number one Green500 placement, the L-CSC cluster at GSI Helmholtzzentrum in Darmstady, Germany. AMD helped the center take the top slot with 5.27 gigaflops per watt on the benchmark across the combination of Intel Ivy Bridge CPUs, AMD FirePro GPUs and some clever software work to push peak efficiency. AMD also partnered with Penguin to demo a new APU cluster based on HAS, which ties the CPU/GPU cores into a shared memory system that Penguin calls…(oh, dear marketing people, are you serious?) the “Jaatikko” (but with umlauts and other Finnish-isms). This system has 10 APU compute nodes that feed from Penguin’s Altus development platform at the head and marks a new class of machines from Penguin of the non-NVIDIA variety.

The “seen but not heard” qualifier has applied to Dell to some extent as well over the last couple of years. Despite a few very large installations at TACC and elsewhere, the company is selective about the HPC centers it wants to strike partnerships with. During a chat with Dell executives this week, we were told that while they could easily bid on many more supercomputing sites than they do, their goal is to always learn something new that can be put into practice across their broad range of platforms. This is especially the case if they can tune new offerings to balance between HPC and hyperscale or large-scale enterprise datacenters.

As it stands from the most recent Top 500 list, Dell only has a small sliver of the supercomputing pie with installations at 1.8% of the rankings—a total of 9 systems, including the #7 ranked Stampede machine. This might change in lists to come with the introduction of the GPU-accelerated PowerEdge C4130, is the only Intel Xeon E5-2600v3 1U server to offer up to four GPUs/accelerators. Dell says the new machine has “up to 33 percent better GPU/accelerator density than its closest competitors and 400 percent more PCIe GPU/accelerators per processor per rack U than a comparable system.” The PowerEdge C4130 can achieve over 7.2 Teraflops on a single 1U server and has a performance/watt ratio of up to 4.17 Gigaflops per watt. In an effort to further add to their HPC portfolio, the company also introduced Dell Storage for HPC with Intel Enterprise Edition for Lustre software (Intel EE for Lustre software).

Speaking of share on the Top 500, the uptick in sizable systems from Cray is worth pointing out. From the November 2010 list where Cray had 37 systems on the Top 500 to 62 now, there is little doubt the company is pushing forward to eclipse rivals in the lower tiers of the ranks following the large system share from IBM and HP. In addition to announcing a roadmap that is cut with details about their plans for ARM and other architectures (we spoke with Barry Bolding this week, more on that next edition), Cray has found a home at KAUST with one of the new XC40 supercomputers with DataWarp burst buffer and application acceleration technology, in addition to a Sonexion 2000 storage system, a Cray Tiered Adaptive Storage (TAS) system and a Urika-GD graph analytics appliance. The Cray XC40 system at KAUST, named “Shaheen II,” will be 25 times more powerful than its current system. It sounds as if they ordered just about everything from the Cray menu—a solid win for Cray in the midst of the buzz around the IBM systems coming that will far exceed the power of Titan and other large-scale Cray systems on the list.

The storage component of the KAUST deal was an important aspect to that and the “Cori” and “Trinity” systems earlier in the year for Cray. As we noted in our overview of the market following IDC’s briefing this week, storage is set to explode over the next couple of years in HPC. Accordingly, DDN’s booth was a constant flurry of activity—perhaps more so than any other vendor site we watched over the course of the week. During the show DDN announced their new Exascaler appliance, which, In a single 45 unit rack can provide 4.8 PB of usable storage using 6TB disk drives. DDN says this equates to 100MB/sec sustained scalable per-drive performance, up to 40GB/sec sustained throughput and up to 1.5 million IOPS. The company also is validating its Infinite Memory Engine (IME) across a number of sites as a burst buffer and mode of application acceleration.

Even though this show was lighter on big news items compared to previous years, it’s certainly not a less interesting space. In fact, in many ways, HPC seems to be finding itself again in the quest to hit the first generation of pre-exascale systems with Bell’s Law beginning to take shape, pushing us into a new ten-year cycle. Power and cooling innovations featured prominently at the show, as did storage and network news items that weren’t mentioned in the above rundown of some of the main themes.

While this has been by no means comprehensive, these were some of the most talked-about items. For more announcements from throughout the week, please take a look at this feed, which gives a rundown of the week.

It was great seeing so many of you in New Orleans!

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

PRACEdays Reflects Europe’s HPC Commitment

May 25, 2017

More than 250 attendees and participants came together for PRACEdays17 in Barcelona last week, part of the European HPC Summit Week 2017, held May 15-19 at t Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Russian Researchers Claim First Quantum-Safe Blockchain

May 25, 2017

The Russian Quantum Center today announced it has overcome the threat of quantum cryptography by creating the first quantum-safe blockchain, securing cryptocurr Read more…

By Doug Black

Google Debuts TPU v2 and will Add to Google Cloud

May 25, 2017

Not long after stirring attention in the deep learning/AI community by revealing the details of its Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), Google last week announced the Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia CEO Predicts AI ‘Cambrian Explosion’

May 25, 2017

The processing power and cloud access to developer tools used to train machine-learning models are making artificial intelligence ubiquitous across computing pl Read more…

By George Leopold

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

Exploring the Three Models of Remote Visualization

The explosion of data and advancement of digital technologies are dramatically changing the way many companies do business. With the help of high performance computing (HPC) solutions and data analytics platforms, manufacturers are developing products faster, healthcare providers are improving patient care, and energy companies are improving planning, exploration, and production. Read more…

PGAS Use will Rise on New H/W Trends, Says Reinders

May 25, 2017

If you have not already tried using PGAS, it is time to consider adding PGAS to the programming techniques you know. Partitioned Global Array Space, commonly kn Read more…

By James Reinders

Exascale Escapes 2018 Budget Axe; Rest of Science Suffers

May 23, 2017

President Trump's proposed $4.1 trillion FY 2018 budget is good for U.S. exascale computing development, but grim for the rest of science and technology spend Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Hedge Funds (with Supercomputing help) Rank First Among Investors

May 22, 2017

In case you didn’t know, The Quants Run Wall Street Now, or so says a headline in today’s Wall Street Journal. Quant-run hedge funds now control the largest Read more…

By John Russell

IBM, D-Wave Report Quantum Computing Advances

May 18, 2017

IBM said this week it has built and tested a pair of quantum computing processors, including a prototype of a commercial version. That progress follows an an Read more…

By George Leopold

PRACEdays Reflects Europe’s HPC Commitment

May 25, 2017

More than 250 attendees and participants came together for PRACEdays17 in Barcelona last week, part of the European HPC Summit Week 2017, held May 15-19 at t Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

PGAS Use will Rise on New H/W Trends, Says Reinders

May 25, 2017

If you have not already tried using PGAS, it is time to consider adding PGAS to the programming techniques you know. Partitioned Global Array Space, commonly kn Read more…

By James Reinders

Exascale Escapes 2018 Budget Axe; Rest of Science Suffers

May 23, 2017

President Trump's proposed $4.1 trillion FY 2018 budget is good for U.S. exascale computing development, but grim for the rest of science and technology spend Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Cray Offers Supercomputing as a Service, Targets Biotechs First

May 16, 2017

Leading supercomputer vendor Cray and datacenter/cloud provider the Markley Group today announced plans to jointly deliver supercomputing as a service. The init Read more…

By John Russell

HPE’s Memory-centric The Machine Coming into View, Opens ARMs to 3rd-party Developers

May 16, 2017

Announced three years ago, HPE’s The Machine is said to be the largest R&D program in the venerable company’s history, one that could be progressing tow Read more…

By Doug Black

What’s Up with Hyperion as It Transitions From IDC?

May 15, 2017

If you’re wondering what’s happening with Hyperion Research – formerly the IDC HPC group – apparently you are not alone, says Steve Conway, now senior V Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia’s Mammoth Volta GPU Aims High for AI, HPC

May 10, 2017

At Nvidia's GPU Technology Conference (GTC17) in San Jose, Calif., this morning, CEO Jensen Huang announced the company's much-anticipated Volta architecture a Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPE Launches Servers, Services, and Collaboration at GTC

May 10, 2017

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) today launched a new liquid cooled GPU-driven Apollo platform based on SGI ICE architecture, a new collaboration with NVIDIA, a Read more…

By John Russell

Quantum Bits: D-Wave and VW; Google Quantum Lab; IBM Expands Access

March 21, 2017

For a technology that’s usually characterized as far off and in a distant galaxy, quantum computing has been steadily picking up steam. Just how close real-wo Read more…

By John Russell

Trump Budget Targets NIH, DOE, and EPA; No Mention of NSF

March 16, 2017

President Trump’s proposed U.S. fiscal 2018 budget issued today sharply cuts science spending while bolstering military spending as he promised during the cam Read more…

By John Russell

Google Pulls Back the Covers on Its First Machine Learning Chip

April 6, 2017

This week Google released a report detailing the design and performance characteristics of the Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), its custom ASIC for the inference Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPC Compiler Company PathScale Seeks Life Raft

March 23, 2017

HPCwire has learned that HPC compiler company PathScale has fallen on difficult times and is asking the community for help or actively seeking a buyer for its a Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

CPU-based Visualization Positions for Exascale Supercomputing

March 16, 2017

Since our first formal product releases of OSPRay and OpenSWR libraries in 2016, CPU-based Software Defined Visualization (SDVis) has achieved wide-spread adopt Read more…

By Jim Jeffers, Principal Engineer and Engineering Leader, Intel

Nvidia Responds to Google TPU Benchmarking

April 10, 2017

Last week, Google reported that its custom ASIC Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) was 15-30x faster for inferencing workloads than Nvidia's K80 GPU (see our coverage Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Nvidia’s Mammoth Volta GPU Aims High for AI, HPC

May 10, 2017

At Nvidia's GPU Technology Conference (GTC17) in San Jose, Calif., this morning, CEO Jensen Huang announced the company's much-anticipated Volta architecture a Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

TSUBAME3.0 Points to Future HPE Pascal-NVLink-OPA Server

February 17, 2017

Since our initial coverage of the TSUBAME3.0 supercomputer yesterday, more details have come to light on this innovative project. Of particular interest is a ne Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

Facebook Open Sources Caffe2; Nvidia, Intel Rush to Optimize

April 18, 2017

From its F8 developer conference in San Jose, Calif., today, Facebook announced Caffe2, a new open-source, cross-platform framework for deep learning. Caffe2 is Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Tokyo Tech’s TSUBAME3.0 Will Be First HPE-SGI Super

February 16, 2017

In a press event Friday afternoon local time in Japan, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) announced its plans for the TSUBAME3.0 supercomputer, which w Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Is Liquid Cooling Ready to Go Mainstream?

February 13, 2017

Lost in the frenzy of SC16 was a substantial rise in the number of vendors showing server oriented liquid cooling technologies. Three decades ago liquid cooling Read more…

By Steve Campbell

MIT Mathematician Spins Up 220,000-Core Google Compute Cluster

April 21, 2017

On Thursday, Google announced that MIT math professor and computational number theorist Andrew V. Sutherland had set a record for the largest Google Compute Eng Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

US Supercomputing Leaders Tackle the China Question

March 15, 2017

As China continues to prove its supercomputing mettle via the Top500 list and the forward march of its ambitious plans to stand up an exascale machine by 2020, Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

HPC Technique Propels Deep Learning at Scale

February 21, 2017

Researchers from Baidu's Silicon Valley AI Lab (SVAIL) have adapted a well-known HPC communication technique to boost the speed and scale of their neural networ Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

DOE Supercomputer Achieves Record 45-Qubit Quantum Simulation

April 13, 2017

In order to simulate larger and larger quantum systems and usher in an age of "quantum supremacy," researchers are stretching the limits of today's most advance Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Knights Landing Processor with Omni-Path Makes Cloud Debut

April 18, 2017

HPC cloud specialist Rescale is partnering with Intel and HPC resource provider R Systems to offer first-ever cloud access to Xeon Phi "Knights Landing" process Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Share This