Messina Update: The US Path to Exascale in 16 Slides

By John Russell

April 26, 2017

Paul Messina, director of the U.S. Exascale Computing Project, provided a wide-ranging review of ECP’s evolving plans last week at the HPC User Forum in Santa Fe, NM. The biggest change, of course, is ECP’s accelerated timetable with delivery of the first exascale machine now scheduled for 2021. While much of the material covered by Messina wasn’t new there were a few fresh details on the long awaited Path Forward hardware contracts and on progress-to-date in other ECP fronts.

Paul Messina, ECP Director

“We have selected six vendors to be primes, and in some cases they have had other vendors involved in their R&D requirements. [We have also] been working on detailed statements of work because the dollar amounts are pretty hefty, the approval process [reaches] high up in the Department of Energy,” said Messina of the Path Forward awards. Five of the contracts are signed and the sixth is not far off. Even his slide had the announcement to be ready by COB April 14, 2017. “It would have been great to announce them at this HPC User Forum but it was not meant to be.” He said the announcements will be made public soon.

The duration of the ECP project has been shortened to seven years from ten years although there’s a 12-month schedule contingency built in to accommodate changes, said Messina. Interestingly, during the Q&A, Messina was asked about U.S. willingness to include ‘individuals’ not based in the U.S. in the project. The question was a little ambiguous as it wasn’t clear if ‘individuals’ was intended to encompass foreign interests broadly, but Messina answered directly, “[For] people who are based outside the U.S. I would say the policy is they are not included.”

Presented here are a handful of Messina’s slides updating the U.S. march towards exascale computing – most of the talk dwelled on software related challenges – but first it’s worth stealing a few Hyperion Research (formerly IDC) observations on the global exascale race that were also presented during the forum. The rise of national and regional competitive zeal in HPC and the race to exascale is palpable as evidenced by Messina’s comment on U.S. policy.

China is currently ahead in the race to stand up an exascale machine first, according to Hyperion. That’s perhaps not surprising given its recent dominance of the Top500 list. Japan is furthest along in settling on a design, key components, and contractor. Here are two Hyperion slides summing up the world race. (see HPCwire article, Hyperion (IDC) Paints a Bullish Picture of HPC Future, for full rundown of HPC trends)

Messina emphasized the three-year R&D projects (Path Forward) are intended to result in better hardware at the node level, memory, system level and energy consumption, and programmability. Moreover, ECP is looking past the initial exascale systems. “The idea is that after three years hopefully the successful things will become part of [vendors’] product lines and result in better HPC systems for them not just for the initial exascale systems,” he said. The RFPs for the exascale systems themselves will come from the labs doing the buying.

The ECP is a collaborative effort of two U.S. Department of Energy organizations, the Office of Science (DOE-SC) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Sixteen of seventeen national labs are participating in ECP and the six who have traditionally fielded leadership HPC system – Argonne, Oak Ridge, Lawrence Livermore, Sandia, Los Alamos, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories – form the core partnership and signed a memorandum of agreement on cooperation defining roles and responsibilities.

Under the new schedule, “We will have an initial exascale system delivered in 2021 ready to go into production in 2022 and which will be based on advanced architecture which means really that we are open to something that is not necessarily a direct evolution of the systems that are currently installed at the NL facilities,” explained Messina.

“Then the ‘Capable Exascale’ systems, which will benefit from the R&D we do in the project, we currently expect them to be delivered in 2022 and available in 2023. Again these are at the facilities that normally get systems. Lately it’s been a collaboration of Argonne, Oak Ridge and Livermore, that roughly every four years establish new systems. Then [Lawrence] Berkeley, Los Alamos and Sandia, which during the in between years installs systems.”  Messina again emphasized, “It is the facilities that will be buying the systems. [The ECP] be doing the R&D to give them something that is hopefully worth buying.”

Four key technical challenges are being addressed by the ECP to deliver capable exascale computing:

  • Parallelism a thousand-fold greater than today’s systems.
  • Memory and storage efficiencies consistent with increased computational rates and data movement requirements.
  • Reliability that enables system adaptation and recovery from faults in much more complex system components and designs.
  • Energy consumption beyond current industry roadmaps, which would be prohibitively expensive at this scale.

Another important ECP goal, said Messina, is to kick the development of U.S. advanced computing into a new higher trajectory (see slide below).

From the beginning the exascale project has steered clear of FLOPS and Linpack as the best measure of success. That theme has only grown stronger with attention focused on defining success as performance on useful applications and the ability to tackle problems that are intractable on today’s petaflops machines.

“We think of 50x times that performance on applications [as the exascale measure of merit], unfortunately there’s a kink in this,” said Messina. “The kink is people won’t be running todays jobs in these exascale systems. We want exascale systems to do things we can’t do today and we need to figure out a way to quantify that. In some cases it will be relatively easy – just achieving much greater resolutions – but in many cases it will be enabling additional physics to more faithfully represent the phenomena. We want to focus on measuring every capable exascale based on full applications tackling real problems compared to what they can do today.”

“This list is a bit of an eye chart (above, click to enlarge) and represents the 26 applications that are currently supported by the ECP. Each of them, when selected, specified a challenge problem. For example, it wasn’t just a matter of saying they’ll do better chemistry but here’s a specific challenge that we expect to be able to tackle when the first exascale systems are available,” said Messina

One example is GAMESS (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System) an ab initio quantum chemistry package that is widely used. The team working on GAMESS has spelled out specific problems to be attacked. “It’s not only very good code but they have ambitious goals; if we can help that team achieve its goals exascale for the games community code, the leverage is huge because it has all of those users. Now not all of them need exascale to do their work but those that do will be able to do it quickly and more easily,” said Messina.

GAMESS is also a good example of a traditional FLOPS heavy numerical simulation application. Messina reviewed four other examples (earthquake simulation, wind turbine applications, energy grid management optimization, and precision medicine). “The last one that I’ll mention is a collaboration between DoE and NIH and NCI on cancer as you might imagine,” said Messina. “It is extremely important for society and also quite different to traditional partial differential equation solving because this one will rely on deep learning and use of huge amounts of data – being able to use millions of patient records on types of cancer and the treatments they received and what the outcome was as well as millions of potential cures.”

Data analytics is a big part of these kinds of precision medicine applications, said Messina. When pressed on whether the effort to combine traditional simulation with deep learning would inevitably lead to diverging architectures, Messina argued for the contrary: “One of our second level goals is try to promote convergence as opposed divergence. I don’t know that we’ll be successful in that but that’s what we are hoping. [We want] to understand that better because we don’t have a good understanding of deep learning and data analytics.”

Co-design also been a priority and received a fair amount of attention. Doug Kothe, ECP director of applications development, is spearheading those efforts. Currently there are five co-design centers including a new one focused on graph analytics. All of the teams have firm milestones, including some shared milestones with other ECP effort to ensure productive cooperation.

Messina noted that, “Although we will be measuring our success based on whole applications, in the meantime you can’t always deal with the whole application, so we have proxies and sub projects. The vendors need this and we will need it to guide our software development.”

Ensuring resilience is a major challenge given the exascale system complexity. “On average the user should notice a fault on the order of once a week. There may be faults every hour but the user shouldn’t see them more than once a week,” said Messina. This will require, among other things, a robust capable software stack, “otherwise it’s a special purpose system or a system that is very difficult to use.”

Messina showed a ‘notional’ software stack slide (below, click to enlarge). “Resilience and workflows are on the side because we believe they influence all aspects of the software stack. In a number of areas we are investing in several approaches to accomplish the same functionality. At some point we will narrow things down. At the same time we feel we probably have some gaps, especially in the data issues, and are in the process of doing a gap analysis for our software stack,” he said.

Clearly it’s a complex project with many parts. Integration of all these development activities is an ongoing challenge.

“You have to work together so the individual teams have shared milestones. Here’s one that I selected simply because it was easy to describe. By the beginning of next calendar year [we should have] new prototype APIs to have coordination between MPI and OpenMPI runtimes because this is an issue now in governing the threads and messages when you use both programming models which a fair number of applications do. How is this going to work? So the software team doing this will interact with a number of application development teams to make sure we understand their runtime requirements. We can’t wait until we have the exascale systems to sort things out.”

“We also want to be able to measure how effective the new ideas are likely to be and so we are also launched a design space evaluation effort,” said Messina. The ECP project has actively sought early access to several existing resources for use during development.

These are just a few of the topics Messina touched on. Workforce training is another key issue that ECP is tackling. It is also increasing it communications and outreach efforts as shown below. There is, of course, an ECP web site and recently ECP launched newsletter expected to be published roughly monthly.

With the Path Forward awards coming soon, several working group meetings having been held, and the new solidified plan, the U.S. effort to reach exascale computing is starting to feel concrete. It will be interesting to see how well ECP’s various milestones are hit. The last slide below depicts the overall program. Hyperion indicated it will soon post all of Messina’s slides (and other presentations from HPC User Forum) on the HPC User Forum site.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Simulating Car Crashes with Supercomputers – and Lego

October 18, 2019

It’s an experiment many of us have carried out at home: crashing two Lego creations into each other, bricks flying everywhere. But for the researchers at the General German Automobile Club (ADAC) – which is comparabl Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

NASA Uses Deep Learning to Monitor Solar Weather

October 17, 2019

Solar flares may be best-known as sci-fi MacGuffins, but those flares – and other space weather – can have serious impacts on not only spacecraft and satellites, but also on Earth-based systems such as radio communic Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Federated Learning Applied to Cancer Research

October 17, 2019

The ability to share and analyze data while protecting patient privacy is giving medical researchers a new tool in their efforts to use what one vendor calls “federated learning” to train models based on diverse data Read more…

By George Leopold

Using AI to Solve One of the Most Prevailing Problems in CFD

October 17, 2019

How can artificial intelligence (AI) and high-performance computing (HPC) solve mesh generation, one of the most commonly referenced problems in computational engineering? A new study has set out to answer this question and create an industry-first AI-mesh application... Read more…

By James Sharpe

NSB 2020 S&E Indicators Dig into Workforce and Education

October 16, 2019

Every two years the National Science Board is required by Congress to issue a report on the state of science and engineering in the U.S. This year, in a departure from past practice, the NSB has divided the 2020 S&E Read more…

By John Russell

AWS Solution Channel

Making High Performance Computing Affordable and Accessible for Small and Medium Businesses with HPC on AWS

High performance computing (HPC) brings a powerful set of tools to a broad range of industries, helping to drive innovation and boost revenue in finance, genomics, oil and gas extraction, and other fields. Read more…

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

Intel FPGAs: More Than Just an Accelerator Card

FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) acceleration cards are not new, as they’ve been commercially available since 1984. Typically, the emphasis around FPGAs has centered on the fact that they’re programmable accelerators, and that they can truly offer workload specific hardware acceleration solutions without requiring custom silicon. Read more…

IBM Accelerated Insights

How Do We Power the New Industrial Revolution?

[Attend the IBM LSF, HPC & AI User Group Meeting at SC19 in Denver on November 19!]

Almost everyone is talking about artificial intelligence (AI). Read more…

What’s New in HPC Research: Rabies, Smog, Robots & More

October 14, 2019

In this bimonthly feature, HPCwire highlights newly published research in the high-performance computing community and related domains. From parallel programming to exascale to quantum computing, the details are here. Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Using AI to Solve One of the Most Prevailing Problems in CFD

October 17, 2019

How can artificial intelligence (AI) and high-performance computing (HPC) solve mesh generation, one of the most commonly referenced problems in computational engineering? A new study has set out to answer this question and create an industry-first AI-mesh application... Read more…

By James Sharpe

NSB 2020 S&E Indicators Dig into Workforce and Education

October 16, 2019

Every two years the National Science Board is required by Congress to issue a report on the state of science and engineering in the U.S. This year, in a departu Read more…

By John Russell

Crystal Ball Gazing: IBM’s Vision for the Future of Computing

October 14, 2019

Dario Gil, IBM’s relatively new director of research, painted a intriguing portrait of the future of computing along with a rough idea of how IBM thinks we’ Read more…

By John Russell

Summit Simulates Braking – on Mars

October 14, 2019

NASA is planning to send humans to Mars by the 2030s – and landing on the surface will be considerably trickier than landing a rover like Curiosity. To solve Read more…

By Staff report

Trovares Drives Memory-Driven, Property Graph Analytics Strategy with HPE

October 10, 2019

Trovares, a high performance property graph analytics company, has partnered with HPE and its Superdome Flex memory-driven servers on a cybersecurity capability the companies say “routinely” runs near-time workloads on 24TB-capacity systems... Read more…

By Doug Black

Intel, Lenovo Join Forces on HPC Cluster for Flatiron

October 9, 2019

An HPC cluster with deep learning techniques will be used to process petabytes of scientific data as part of workload-intensive projects spanning astrophysics to genomics. AI partners Intel and Lenovo said they are providing... Read more…

By George Leopold

Optimizing Offshore Wind Farms with Supercomputer Simulations

October 9, 2019

Offshore wind farms offer a number of benefits; many of the areas with the strongest winds are located offshore, and siting wind farms offshore ameliorates many of the land use concerns associated with onshore wind farms. Some estimates say that, if leveraged, offshore wind power... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Harvard Deploys Cannon, New Lenovo Water-Cooled HPC Cluster

October 9, 2019

Harvard's Faculty of Arts & Sciences Research Computing (FASRC) center announced a refresh of their primary HPC resource. The new cluster, called Cannon after the pioneering American astronomer Annie Jump Cannon, is supplied by Lenovo... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Supercomputer-Powered AI Tackles a Key Fusion Energy Challenge

August 7, 2019

Fusion energy is the Holy Grail of the energy world: low-radioactivity, low-waste, zero-carbon, high-output nuclear power that can run on hydrogen or lithium. T Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

DARPA Looks to Propel Parallelism

September 4, 2019

As Moore’s law runs out of steam, new programming approaches are being pursued with the goal of greater hardware performance with less coding. The Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency is launching a new programming effort aimed at leveraging the benefits of massive distributed parallelism with less sweat. Read more…

By George Leopold

Cray Wins NNSA-Livermore ‘El Capitan’ Exascale Contract

August 13, 2019

Cray has won the bid to build the first exascale supercomputer for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and Lawrence Livermore National Laborator Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

AMD Launches Epyc Rome, First 7nm CPU

August 8, 2019

From a gala event at the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco yesterday (Aug. 7), AMD launched its second-generation Epyc Rome x86 chips, based on its 7nm proce Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Ayar Labs to Demo Photonics Chiplet in FPGA Package at Hot Chips

August 19, 2019

Silicon startup Ayar Labs continues to gain momentum with its DARPA-backed optical chiplet technology that puts advanced electronics and optics on the same chip Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Using AI to Solve One of the Most Prevailing Problems in CFD

October 17, 2019

How can artificial intelligence (AI) and high-performance computing (HPC) solve mesh generation, one of the most commonly referenced problems in computational engineering? A new study has set out to answer this question and create an industry-first AI-mesh application... Read more…

By James Sharpe

D-Wave’s Path to 5000 Qubits; Google’s Quantum Supremacy Claim

September 24, 2019

On the heels of IBM’s quantum news last week come two more quantum items. D-Wave Systems today announced the name of its forthcoming 5000-qubit system, Advantage (yes the name choice isn’t serendipity), at its user conference being held this week in Newport, RI. Read more…

By John Russell

Chinese Company Sugon Placed on US ‘Entity List’ After Strong Showing at International Supercomputing Conference

June 26, 2019

After more than a decade of advancing its supercomputing prowess, operating the world’s most powerful supercomputer from June 2013 to June 2018, China is keep Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

ISC 2019 Virtual Booth Video Tour

CRAY
CRAY
DDN
DDN
DELL EMC
DELL EMC
GOOGLE
GOOGLE
ONE STOP SYSTEMS
ONE STOP SYSTEMS
PANASAS
PANASAS
VERNE GLOBAL
VERNE GLOBAL

A Behind-the-Scenes Look at the Hardware That Powered the Black Hole Image

June 24, 2019

Two months ago, the first-ever image of a black hole took the internet by storm. A team of scientists took years to produce and verify the striking image – an Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Intel Confirms Retreat on Omni-Path

August 1, 2019

Intel Corp.’s plans to make a big splash in the network fabric market for linking HPC and other workloads has apparently belly-flopped. The chipmaker confirmed to us the outlines of an earlier report by the website CRN that it has jettisoned plans for a second-generation version of its Omni-Path interconnect... Read more…

By Staff report

Crystal Ball Gazing: IBM’s Vision for the Future of Computing

October 14, 2019

Dario Gil, IBM’s relatively new director of research, painted a intriguing portrait of the future of computing along with a rough idea of how IBM thinks we’ Read more…

By John Russell

Kubernetes, Containers and HPC

September 19, 2019

Software containers and Kubernetes are important tools for building, deploying, running and managing modern enterprise applications at scale and delivering enterprise software faster and more reliably to the end user — while using resources more efficiently and reducing costs. Read more…

By Daniel Gruber, Burak Yenier and Wolfgang Gentzsch, UberCloud

Intel Debuts Pohoiki Beach, Its 8M Neuron Neuromorphic Development System

July 17, 2019

Neuromorphic computing has received less fanfare of late than quantum computing whose mystery has captured public attention and which seems to have generated mo Read more…

By John Russell

Rise of NIH’s Biowulf Mirrors the Rise of Computational Biology

July 29, 2019

The story of NIH’s supercomputer Biowulf is fascinating, important, and in many ways representative of the transformation of life sciences and biomedical res Read more…

By John Russell

Quantum Bits: Neven’s Law (Who Asked for That), D-Wave’s Steady Push, IBM’s Li-O2- Simulation

July 3, 2019

Quantum computing’s (QC) many-faceted R&D train keeps slogging ahead and recently Japan is taking a leading role. Yesterday D-Wave Systems announced it ha Read more…

By John Russell

With the Help of HPC, Astronomers Prepare to Deflect a Real Asteroid

September 26, 2019

For years, NASA has been running simulations of asteroid impacts to understand the risks (and likelihoods) of asteroids colliding with Earth. Now, NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) are preparing for the next, crucial step in planetary defense against asteroid impacts: physically deflecting a real asteroid. Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This