Exascale Escapes 2018 Budget Axe; Rest of Science Suffers

By Tiffany Trader

May 23, 2017

President Trump’s proposed $4.1 trillion FY 2018 budget is good for U.S. exascale computing development, but grim for the rest of science and technology spending. As a total crosscut of the DOE Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration, exascale-focused activities receive $508 million, a full 77 percent boost over FY17 enacted levels. The hike puts the U.S. on track to stand up an exascale capable machine by 2021.

Nearly alone among government science programs, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and the Exascale Computing Project (ECP) run by the Department of Energy (DOE) escaped pervasive and deep cuts in spending in the FY 2018 budget proposal (“A New Foundation for American Greatness”), released Tuesday morning. Total ASCR funding gets an 11.6 percent lift to $722 million, and ECP funding rises nearly 20 percent to $196.6 million over FY17 enacted levels ($164 million).

The rest of the Office of Science programs were not so fortunate. Neither was the NIH (19 percent cut), the NSF (11 percent cut) and most severely, the EPA (31.4 percent cut).

Science observes that aside from the $197 million allotted to the DOE’s exascale computing project, spending on computing research actually falls, and “with all the other cuts in DOE’s science programs, it’s not clear what all that extra computing power would be used to do.”

The President’s budget slashes DOE Office of Science funding 17 percent from enacted 2017 levels to $4.47 billion with five out of six research programs (all but ASCR) slated to receive steep cuts.

+ Basic energy sciences (BES), which funds research in chemistry, materials sciences, and condensed matter physics, would see its budget contract by 16.9 percent to $1.555 billion.

+ High energy physics (HEP) program would receive a cut of 18.4 percent to $673 million.

+ Nuclear physics would see its budget drop 19.1 percent to $503 million.

+ Fusion energy sciences (FES) would be cut by 18.4 percent to $310 million. The FES budget makes $63 million available for ITER, the international fusion experiment under construction in France, but that’s far less than the estimated $230 million the U.S. part of the project requires to stay afloat (as reported by Science in March).

+ The biological and environmental research (BER) program, is hardest hit, facing a 43 percent chop to $349 million. Science reports, “much of that cut would come out of DOE’s climate modeling research.”

The Trump budget, which seeks $54 billion in expanded military spending, carves out additional funding for the NNSA, the organization responsible for enhancing national security through the military application of nuclear science. The NNSA would receive a boost of 7.8 percent, from $12.9 billion to $13.9 billion, while funding for the NNSA’s Advanced Simulation Computing program surges 10.7 percent from $663 million to $734 million.

The NNSA has requested $183 million in FY 2018 “for activities and research leading to deployment of exascale capability for national security applications in the early 2020s.” If funded, the amount would boost the agency’s FY17 exascale budget by $88 million.

$161 million of this proposed exascale allotment (listed as an Exascale Computing Initiative line item, see chart below) is for the NNSA’s Advanced Simulation Computing program. The remaining $22 million (not part of ECI figures) is intended for the construction of exascale-class cooling equipment at Los Alamos National Laboratory (under the Exascale Class Computer Cooling Equipment (ECCCE) project).

Another $3 million (included in the $161 million figure) is proposed for the Exascale Computing Facility Modernization (ECFM) Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The purpose of the ECFM project is to fund the facilities and infrastructure upgrades necessary to site an exascale-class system.

Of the nearly $508 million directed at the joint Office of Science-NNSA Exascale Computing Initiative (ECI), $346.58 million would flow into Office of Science coffers with $161 million going to the NNSA’s Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program.


The DOE request contains new insights into the accelerated exascale timeline, revealed in December. The proposal calls for an exascale machine to be deployed at Argonne in 2021, followed by a second exascale-capable system with a different advanced architecture at Oak Ridge. (Of course, as with everything in this proposed budget, nothing is set in stone.)

Of the $346,580,000 Office of Science ECI Request, $196,580,000 is slotted for the ECP project “to accelerate research and the preparation of applications, develop a software stack for both exascale platforms, and support additional co-design centers in preparation for exascale system deployment in 2021.” The remaining $150,000,000 would fund Leadership Computing Facilities, “to begin planning, non-recurring engineering, and site preparations for the intended deployment of at least one exascale system in 2021.”

Besides signalling a commitment to a strong, and globally competitive U.S. exascale program, what stands out here is the shift in total exascale funding toward NNSA. The agency’s share of the pie has gone from 25 percent in FY16 to 32 percent in FY17 and (proposed) FY18. (Plugging in the $183 million NNSA exascale funding figure would push that to nearly 36 percent.)

While we’ve just scratched the surface of the budget’s implications for science and advanced computing, in the big picture, there is little chance the final FY18 version will bear a close resemblance to the Trump plan (which is essentially a fleshed out version of the “skinny budget” that was modeled after the Heritage Foundation blueprint). The budget has not been well-received by either side of the political aisle and has been widely criticized for too-steep cuts and unrealistic accounting practices.

“There’s this rosy optimism that somehow growth will magically occur, and yet it cuts the principal source of that growth,” said Rush Holt, CEO of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, cited in a Washington Post article. Yet “[the proposal] savages research. Economists are clear: That’s where we ultimately get our economic growth.”

The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF), a prominent U.S. science and technology think tank, released a statement that read in part:

The United States has suffered for more than a decade from chronic underinvestment in basic science, research and development, and technology commercialization, and from insufficient support for small manufacturers. Further reducing federal investment in these kinds of foundational goods will set back the country even further—undermining economic growth, causing standards of living to stagnate, and putting prosperity at risk for future generations of Americans. Yet the administration’s budget calls for a nearly 10 percent cut for non-defense R&D. The administration needs to recognize there is a big difference between wasteful spending and critical investments that ensure the U.S. economy, citizens, and businesses thrive. Targeted federal government programs of the sort the administration is suggesting Congress cut are widely used by even the most conservative Republican governors to help businesses in their states compete.

Further reading:

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/05/what-s-trump-s-2018-budget-request-science

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2017/05/22/trump-budget-seeks-huge-cuts-to-disease-prevention-and-medical-research-departments/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/05/22/epa-remains-top-target-with-trump-administration-proposing-31-percent-budget-cut/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/05/23/larry-summers-trumps-budget-is-simply-ludicrous/

https://itif.org/publications/2017/05/23/trump-budget-proposal-undermines-us-innovation-and-competitiveness

–John Russell contributed to this report.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Quantum Rolls – DOE Dishes $218M; NSF Awards $31M; US Releases ‘Strategic Overview’

September 24, 2018

It was quite a day for U.S. quantum computing. In conjunction with the White House Summit on Advancing American Leadership in Quantum Information Science (QIS) held today, the Department of Energy announced $218 million Read more…

By John Russell

Russian and American Scientists Achieve 50% Increase in Data Transmission Speed

September 20, 2018

As high-performance computing becomes increasingly data-intensive and the demand for shorter turnaround times grows, data transfer speed becomes an ever more important bottleneck. Now, in an article published in IEEE Tra Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

IBM to Brand Rescale’s HPC-in-Cloud Platform

September 20, 2018

HPC (or big compute)-in-the-cloud platform provider Rescale has formalized the work it’s been doing in partnership with public cloud vendors by announcing its Powered by Rescale program – with IBM as its first named Read more…

By Doug Black

HPE Extreme Performance Solutions

Introducing the First Integrated System Management Software for HPC Clusters from HPE

How do you manage your complex, growing cluster environments? Answer that big challenge with the new HPC cluster management solution: HPE Performance Cluster Manager. Read more…

IBM Accelerated Insights

Clouds Over the Ocean – a Healthcare Perspective

Advances in precision medicine, genomics, and imaging; the widespread adoption of electronic health records; and the proliferation of medical Internet of Things (IoT) and mobile devices are resulting in an explosion of structured and unstructured healthcare-related data. Read more…

Democratization of HPC Part 1: Simulation Sheds Light on Building Dispute

September 20, 2018

This is the first of three articles demonstrating the growing acceptance of High Performance Computing especially in new user communities and application areas. Major reasons for this trend are the ongoing improvements i Read more…

By Wolfgang Gentzsch

Quantum Rolls – DOE Dishes $218M; NSF Awards $31M; US Releases ‘Strategic Overview’

September 24, 2018

It was quite a day for U.S. quantum computing. In conjunction with the White House Summit on Advancing American Leadership in Quantum Information Science (QIS) Read more…

By John Russell

Summit Supercomputer is Already Making its Mark on Science

September 20, 2018

Summit, now the fastest supercomputer in the world, is quickly making its mark in science – five of the six finalists just announced for the prestigious 2018 Read more…

By John Russell

House Passes $1.275B National Quantum Initiative

September 17, 2018

Last Thursday the U.S. House of Representatives passed the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) intended to accelerate quantum computing research and developm Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia Accelerates AI Inference in the Datacenter with T4 GPU

September 14, 2018

Nvidia is upping its game for AI inference in the datacenter with a new platform consisting of an inference accelerator chip--the new Turing-based Tesla T4 GPU- Read more…

By George Leopold

DeepSense Combines HPC and AI to Bolster Canada’s Ocean Economy

September 13, 2018

We often hear scientists say that we know less than 10 percent of the life of the oceans. This week, IBM and a group of Canadian industry and government partner Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Rigetti (and Others) Pursuit of Quantum Advantage

September 11, 2018

Remember ‘quantum supremacy’, the much-touted but little-loved idea that the age of quantum computing would be signaled when quantum computers could tackle Read more…

By John Russell

How FPGAs Accelerate Financial Services Workloads

September 11, 2018

While FSI companies are unlikely, for competitive reasons, to disclose their FPGA strategies, James Reinders offers insights into the case for FPGAs as accelerators for FSI by discussing performance, power, size, latency, jitter and inline processing. Read more…

By James Reinders

Update from Gregory Kurtzer on Singularity’s Push into FS and the Enterprise

September 11, 2018

Container technology is hardly new but it has undergone rapid evolution in the HPC space in recent years to accommodate traditional science workloads and HPC systems requirements. While Docker containers continue to dominate in the enterprise, other variants are becoming important and one alternative with distinctly HPC roots – Singularity – is making an enterprise push targeting advanced scale workload inclusive of HPC. Read more…

By John Russell

TACC Wins Next NSF-funded Major Supercomputer

July 30, 2018

The Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) has won the next NSF-funded big supercomputer beating out rivals including the National Center for Supercomputing Ap Read more…

By John Russell

IBM at Hot Chips: What’s Next for Power

August 23, 2018

With processor, memory and networking technologies all racing to fill in for an ailing Moore’s law, the era of the heterogeneous datacenter is well underway, Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Requiem for a Phi: Knights Landing Discontinued

July 25, 2018

On Monday, Intel made public its end of life strategy for the Knights Landing "KNL" Phi product set. The announcement makes official what has already been wide Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

CERN Project Sees Orders-of-Magnitude Speedup with AI Approach

August 14, 2018

An award-winning effort at CERN has demonstrated potential to significantly change how the physics based modeling and simulation communities view machine learni Read more…

By Rob Farber

ORNL Summit Supercomputer Is Officially Here

June 8, 2018

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) together with IBM and Nvidia celebrated the official unveiling of the Department of Energy (DOE) Summit supercomputer toda Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

New Deep Learning Algorithm Solves Rubik’s Cube

July 25, 2018

Solving (and attempting to solve) Rubik’s Cube has delighted millions of puzzle lovers since 1974 when the cube was invented by Hungarian sculptor and archite Read more…

By John Russell

House Passes $1.275B National Quantum Initiative

September 17, 2018

Last Thursday the U.S. House of Representatives passed the National Quantum Initiative Act (NQIA) intended to accelerate quantum computing research and developm Read more…

By John Russell

AMD’s EPYC Road to Redemption in Six Slides

June 21, 2018

A year ago AMD returned to the server market with its EPYC processor line. The earth didn’t tremble but folks took notice. People remember the Opteron fondly Read more…

By John Russell

Leading Solution Providers

SC17 Booth Video Tours Playlist

Altair @ SC17

Altair

AMD @ SC17

AMD

ASRock Rack @ SC17

ASRock Rack

CEJN @ SC17

CEJN

DDN Storage @ SC17

DDN Storage

Huawei @ SC17

Huawei

IBM @ SC17

IBM

IBM Power Systems @ SC17

IBM Power Systems

Intel @ SC17

Intel

Lenovo @ SC17

Lenovo

Mellanox Technologies @ SC17

Mellanox Technologies

Microsoft @ SC17

Microsoft

Penguin Computing @ SC17

Penguin Computing

Pure Storage @ SC17

Pure Storage

Supericro @ SC17

Supericro

Tyan @ SC17

Tyan

Univa @ SC17

Univa

Summit Supercomputer is Already Making its Mark on Science

September 20, 2018

Summit, now the fastest supercomputer in the world, is quickly making its mark in science – five of the six finalists just announced for the prestigious 2018 Read more…

By John Russell

Sandia to Take Delivery of World’s Largest Arm System

June 18, 2018

While the enterprise remains circumspect on prospects for Arm servers in the datacenter, the leadership HPC community is taking a bolder, brighter view of the x86 server CPU alternative. Amongst current and planned Arm HPC installations – i.e., the innovative Mont-Blanc project, led by Bull/Atos, the 'Isambard’ Cray XC50 going into the University of Bristol, and commitments from both Japan and France among others -- HPE is announcing that it will be supply the United States National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with a 2.3 petaflops peak Arm-based system, named Astra. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

D-Wave Breaks New Ground in Quantum Simulation

July 16, 2018

Last Friday D-Wave scientists and colleagues published work in Science which they say represents the first fulfillment of Richard Feynman’s 1982 notion that Read more…

By John Russell

MLPerf – Will New Machine Learning Benchmark Help Propel AI Forward?

May 2, 2018

Let the AI benchmarking wars begin. Today, a diverse group from academia and industry – Google, Baidu, Intel, AMD, Harvard, and Stanford among them – releas Read more…

By John Russell

TACC’s ‘Frontera’ Supercomputer Expands Horizon for Extreme-Scale Science

August 29, 2018

The National Science Foundation and the Texas Advanced Computing Center announced today that a new system, called Frontera, will overtake Stampede 2 as the fast Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Intel Announces Cooper Lake, Advances AI Strategy

August 9, 2018

Intel's chief datacenter exec Navin Shenoy kicked off the company's Data-Centric Innovation Summit Wednesday, the day-long program devoted to Intel's datacenter Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

GPUs Power Five of World’s Top Seven Supercomputers

June 25, 2018

The top 10 echelon of the newly minted Top500 list boasts three powerful new systems with one common engine: the Nvidia Volta V100 general-purpose graphics proc Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

The Machine Learning Hype Cycle and HPC

June 14, 2018

Like many other HPC professionals I’m following the hype cycle around machine learning/deep learning with interest. I subscribe to the view that we’re probably approaching the ‘peak of inflated expectation’ but not quite yet starting the descent into the ‘trough of disillusionment. This still raises the probability that... Read more…

By Dairsie Latimer

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This