GCS Lays Out German HPC Roadmap at ISC 2018

By Chelsea Lang

June 28, 2018

At ISC this year, in addition to multiple presentations on the forward momentum for European HPC, there was a special event dedicated to the German HPC roadmap. On Tuesday Dr. Michael Resch, chairman of the Guass Centre for Supercomputing (GCS) and director for HLRS, provided insight into Germany’s position in the European HPC landscape. 

Having just celebrated its ten-year anniversary in 2017, GCS deals with a unique hand of assets and challenges that come with having the support of one federal plus three state governments, and the abundance of decision makers that come with them.

Dr. Michael Resch, director of the national High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS)

The organization is charged with the task of advancing German academic and government supercomputing while meeting the needs of industrial end-users. It encompasses three centers, whose procurements are driven by the requirements and demands of users (with little interest in or affection for peak speed) that bridge the gap between the bleeding edge and everyday usage.

To meet the needs of German and European HPC alike, the nation’s three supercomputing centers have each been tasked a purpose to span the gamut of demand, from groundbreaking research to applied science. And with each center’s focus comes with it a unique education and hardware strategy.

JSC – Jülich Supercomputing Centre at Forschungszentrum Jülich

Poised on the bleeding edge of HPC, JSC is known for its research and work with applications that can exploit most recent technology, often through experimental systems. Most notably, Jülich is a part of the 23-country effort to bring together neuroscientists, physicians and computer scientists to simulate the complete human brain within the next ten years using a future supercomputer. 

LRZ – Leibniz Superomputing Centre of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Garching near Munich

Known for its emphasis on geophysics and astrophysics, LRZ is poised as a general-purpose HPC center. With a focus on more ‘stable,’ less bleeding edge systems, the Munich center is meant to act as a bridge between HPC extremes while still exploring innovations such as cooling technologies.

HLRS – High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart

Catering to the industry end users with a focus on engineering and stable hardware requirements, HLRS represents the far end of the GCS spectrum. The purpose here, Resch explains, is not bleeding edge research, but approaching modeling and simulation as a production activity. HLRS operates the Cray XC40 “Hazel Hen” system, currently number 27 on the Top500 with 5.7 Linpack petaflops.

Together, GCS’s three centers are meant to harmonize and appeal to decision makers in government by appealing both to SMEs and broader European HPC development alike. And while Resch did not delve into the nuances of funding, joking that it would be too difficult for anyone but accountants to explain, he noted that the overall funding schema is driven by projects, which were PetaGCS, SiVeGCS and InHPC.

Funding for the first phase of GCS came via PetaGCS, a project that spanned 2008 to 2019 with a €400,000,000 budget. Designed to cater to three centers, PetaGCS was designed to bring each center two petascale systems over lifetime of project.

Next is SiVeGCS, which was introduced in 2017 and runs through 2025 with a €460,000,000  budget. SiVeGCS stepped beyond the purview of PetaGCS to address support for users with simplified, unified access to resources, and improved training.

Finally, InHPC was issued with a €15,000,000 budget from 2017 to 2021 with the goal to improve networking so that any user no matter their location can run jobs on any supercomputer in the network with the help of 100GB and 200GB connections. At this stage, InHPC has already connected the centers and have brought in new systems, with JSC’s Juwels system now online, and LRZ’s next-generation SuperMUC-NG expected by year end.

New GCS Systems Through SiVeGCS

Juwels (short for Jülich Wizard for European Leadership Science) debuted on the just-updated Top500 list at number 23. Backed by European supplier Atos (with the support of Intel) and leveraging a GPFS file system, Juwels phase one system delivers 9.9 petaflops peak performance and 6.2 Linpack petaflops. 48 Nvidia V100 GPU nodes, not included in the Top500 run, bring the system up to 12 petaflops. Juwels represents the first module of a scalable machine, with an additional module slated to deliver an extra 50+ petaflops in 2019.

In Munich at LRZ, the SuperMUC-NG  system supplied by Intel/Lenovo is expected to deliver 26.7 petaflops peak with 6,400 Lenovo ThinkSystem SD 650 direct-water-cooled computing nodes. And a final system earmarked for HLRS in Stuttgart is currently in procurement and expected at the end of 2019. 

Where GCS Goes From Here

Moving forward, GCS’s next major goal is focused around the global exascale race, beginning with a installing pre-exascale system in 2020, and the inclusion of exascale solutions in all three centers by 2023 to shore the gap between high-end and everyday use.

And with regard to the race itself, Resch says that the hope is to establish Jülich as the home of Europe’s first exascale system.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Oak Ridge Supercomputer Enables Next-Gen Jet Turbine Research

July 27, 2021

Air travel is notoriously carbon-inefficient, with many airlines going as far as to offer purchasable carbon offsets to ease the guilt over large-footprint travel. But even over just the last decade, major aircraft model Read more…

IBM and University of Tokyo Roll Out Quantum System One in Japan

July 27, 2021

IBM and the University of Tokyo today unveiled an IBM Quantum System One as part of the IBM-Japan quantum program announced in 2019. The system is the second IBM Quantum System One assembled outside the U.S. and follows Read more…

Intel Unveils New Node Names; Sapphire Rapids Is Now an ‘Intel 7’ CPU

July 27, 2021

What's a preeminent chip company to do when its process node technology lags the competition by (roughly) one generation, but outmoded naming conventions make it seem like it's two nodes behind? For Intel, the response w Read more…

Will Approximation Drive Post-Moore’s Law HPC Gains?

July 26, 2021

“Hardware-based improvements are going to get more and more difficult,” said Neil Thompson, an innovation scholar at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL). “I think that’s something that this crowd will probably, actually, be already familiar with.” Thompson, speaking... Read more…

With New Owner and New Roadmap, an Independent Omni-Path Is Staging a Comeback

July 23, 2021

Put on a shelf by Intel in 2019, Omni-Path faced a uncertain future, but under new custodian Cornelis Networks, OmniPath is looking to make a comeback as an independent high-performance interconnect solution. A "significant refresh" – called Omni-Path Express – is coming later this year according to the company. Cornelis Networks formed last September as a spinout of Intel's Omni-Path division. Read more…

AWS Solution Channel

Accelerate innovation in healthcare and life sciences with AWS HPC

With Amazon Web Services, researchers can access purpose-built HPC tools and services along with scientific and technical expertise to accelerate the pace of discovery. Whether you are sequencing the human genome, using AI/ML for disease detection or running molecular dynamics simulations to develop lifesaving drugs, AWS has the infrastructure you need to run your HPC workloads. Read more…

PEARC21 Panel Reviews Eight New NSF-Funded HPC Systems Debuting in 2021

July 23, 2021

Over the past few years, the NSF has funded a number of HPC systems to further supply the open research community with computational resources to meet that community’s changing and expanding needs. A review of these systems at the PEARC21 conference (July 19-22) highlighted... Read more…

Intel Unveils New Node Names; Sapphire Rapids Is Now an ‘Intel 7’ CPU

July 27, 2021

What's a preeminent chip company to do when its process node technology lags the competition by (roughly) one generation, but outmoded naming conventions make i Read more…

Will Approximation Drive Post-Moore’s Law HPC Gains?

July 26, 2021

“Hardware-based improvements are going to get more and more difficult,” said Neil Thompson, an innovation scholar at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL). “I think that’s something that this crowd will probably, actually, be already familiar with.” Thompson, speaking... Read more…

With New Owner and New Roadmap, an Independent Omni-Path Is Staging a Comeback

July 23, 2021

Put on a shelf by Intel in 2019, Omni-Path faced a uncertain future, but under new custodian Cornelis Networks, OmniPath is looking to make a comeback as an independent high-performance interconnect solution. A "significant refresh" – called Omni-Path Express – is coming later this year according to the company. Cornelis Networks formed last September as a spinout of Intel's Omni-Path division. Read more…

Chameleon’s HPC Testbed Sharpens Its Edge, Presses ‘Replay’

July 22, 2021

“One way of saying what I do for a living is to say that I develop scientific instruments,” said Kate Keahey, a senior fellow at the University of Chicago a Read more…

Summer Reading: “High-Performance Computing Is at an Inflection Point”

July 21, 2021

At last month’s 11th International Symposium on Highly Efficient Accelerators and Reconfigurable Technologies (HEART), a group of researchers led by Martin Schulz of the Leibniz Supercomputing Center (Munich) presented a “position paper” in which they argue HPC architectural landscape... Read more…

PEARC21 Panel: Wafer-Scale-Engine Technology Accelerates Machine Learning, HPC

July 21, 2021

Early use of Cerebras’ CS-1 server and wafer-scale engine (WSE) has demonstrated promising acceleration of machine-learning algorithms, according to participa Read more…

15 Years Later, the Green500 Continues Its Push for Energy Efficiency as a First-Order Concern in HPC

July 15, 2021

The Green500 list, which ranks the most energy-efficient supercomputers in the world, has virtually always faced an uphill battle. As Wu Feng – custodian of the Green500 list and an associate professor at Virginia Tech – tells it, “noone" cared about energy efficiency in the early 2000s, when the seeds... Read more…

Frontier to Meet 20MW Exascale Power Target Set by DARPA in 2008

July 14, 2021

After more than a decade of planning, the United States’ first exascale computer, Frontier, is set to arrive at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) later this year. Crossing this “1,000x” horizon required overcoming four major challenges: power demand, reliability, extreme parallelism and data movement. Read more…

AMD Chipmaker TSMC to Use AMD Chips for Chipmaking

May 8, 2021

TSMC has tapped AMD to support its major manufacturing and R&D workloads. AMD will provide its Epyc Rome 7702P CPUs – with 64 cores operating at a base cl Read more…

Intel Launches 10nm ‘Ice Lake’ Datacenter CPU with Up to 40 Cores

April 6, 2021

The wait is over. Today Intel officially launched its 10nm datacenter CPU, the third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processor, codenamed Ice Lake. With up to 40 Read more…

Berkeley Lab Debuts Perlmutter, World’s Fastest AI Supercomputer

May 27, 2021

A ribbon-cutting ceremony held virtually at Berkeley Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) today marked the official launch of Perlmutter – aka NERSC-9 – the GPU-accelerated supercomputer built by HPE in partnership with Nvidia and AMD. Read more…

Ahead of ‘Dojo,’ Tesla Reveals Its Massive Precursor Supercomputer

June 22, 2021

In spring 2019, Tesla made cryptic reference to a project called Dojo, a “super-powerful training computer” for video data processing. Then, in summer 2020, Tesla CEO Elon Musk tweeted: “Tesla is developing a [neural network] training computer called Dojo to process truly vast amounts of video data. It’s a beast! … A truly useful exaflop at de facto FP32.” Read more…

Google Launches TPU v4 AI Chips

May 20, 2021

Google CEO Sundar Pichai spoke for only one minute and 42 seconds about the company’s latest TPU v4 Tensor Processing Units during his keynote at the Google I Read more…

CentOS Replacement Rocky Linux Is Now in GA and Under Independent Control

June 21, 2021

The Rocky Enterprise Software Foundation (RESF) is announcing the general availability of Rocky Linux, release 8.4, designed as a drop-in replacement for the soon-to-be discontinued CentOS. The GA release is launching six-and-a-half months after Red Hat deprecated its support for the widely popular, free CentOS server operating system. The Rocky Linux development effort... Read more…

CERN Is Betting Big on Exascale

April 1, 2021

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) involves 23 countries, 15,000 researchers, billions of dollars a year, and the biggest machine in the worl Read more…

Iran Gains HPC Capabilities with Launch of ‘Simorgh’ Supercomputer

May 18, 2021

Iran is said to be developing domestic supercomputing technology to advance the processing of scientific, economic, political and military data, and to strengthen the nation’s position in the age of AI and big data. On Sunday, Iran unveiled the Simorgh supercomputer, which will deliver.... Read more…

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

HPE Launches Storage Line Loaded with IBM’s Spectrum Scale File System

April 6, 2021

HPE today launched a new family of storage solutions bundled with IBM’s Spectrum Scale Erasure Code Edition parallel file system (description below) and featu Read more…

Julia Update: Adoption Keeps Climbing; Is It a Python Challenger?

January 13, 2021

The rapid adoption of Julia, the open source, high level programing language with roots at MIT, shows no sign of slowing according to data from Julialang.org. I Read more…

10nm, 7nm, 5nm…. Should the Chip Nanometer Metric Be Replaced?

June 1, 2020

The biggest cool factor in server chips is the nanometer. AMD beating Intel to a CPU built on a 7nm process node* – with 5nm and 3nm on the way – has been i Read more…

GTC21: Nvidia Launches cuQuantum; Dips a Toe in Quantum Computing

April 13, 2021

Yesterday Nvidia officially dipped a toe into quantum computing with the launch of cuQuantum SDK, a development platform for simulating quantum circuits on GPU-accelerated systems. As Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang emphasized in his keynote, Nvidia doesn’t plan to build... Read more…

Microsoft to Provide World’s Most Powerful Weather & Climate Supercomputer for UK’s Met Office

April 22, 2021

More than 14 months ago, the UK government announced plans to invest £1.2 billion ($1.56 billion) into weather and climate supercomputing, including procuremen Read more…

Q&A with Jim Keller, CTO of Tenstorrent, and an HPCwire Person to Watch in 2021

April 22, 2021

As part of our HPCwire Person to Watch series, we are happy to present our interview with Jim Keller, president and chief technology officer of Tenstorrent. One of the top chip architects of our time, Keller has had an impactful career. Read more…

Quantum Roundup: IBM, Rigetti, Phasecraft, Oxford QC, China, and More

July 13, 2021

IBM yesterday announced a proof for a quantum ML algorithm. A week ago, it unveiled a new topology for its quantum processors. Last Friday, the Technical Univer Read more…

Senate Debate on Bill to Remake NSF – the Endless Frontier Act – Begins

May 18, 2021

The U.S. Senate today opened floor debate on the Endless Frontier Act which seeks to remake and expand the National Science Foundation by creating a technology Read more…

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
HPCwire