What’s New in HPC Research: Rabies, Smog, Robots & More

By Oliver Peckham

October 14, 2019

In this bimonthly feature, HPCwire highlights newly published research in the high-performance computing community and related domains. From parallel programming to exascale to quantum computing, the details are here.


Using HPC for rabies response

Understanding how diseases spread is crucial to developing strategies for preventing and controlling them – and computer-simulated models of disease spread can be important tools in this process. In this paper from Charles Sturt University in Australia, the authors discuss how a combination of high-performance computing and social network analysis can be used to optimize these disease spread simulations.

Authors: Victoria Brookes, Michael P. Ward, K. VanderWaal, Emily Hudson and Salome Durr.

Evolving HPC and application design for exascale platforms at NASA

As global weather models have evolved, their computing demands have dramatically increased. NASA’s Goddard Earth Observing System has been stressing its HPC capabilities, leading to the redesign of key elements of the system in preparation for the exascale era. In this paper, NASA researchers discuss these redesigns, which include new, more efficient algorithms, artificial intelligence measures and redesigned data-centric, cloud-based storage.

Authors: Bill Putman, Tom Clune, Dan Duffy and Tsengdar Lee.

Building a hexapod robot based on HPC

HPC is important for solving complex problems in robot simulation and control. This article – written by a team from the Harbin Institute of Technology and Leju Robotics in China – outlines the “flexible hexapod robot with arc-shaped legs that has the ability to move fast and agilely,” built using high-performance computing. They used a virtual prototype simulation and physical prototypes, eventually developing a gait with a traveling speed of 1.2 m/s.

Authors: Xiaokun Leng, Songhao Piao, Lin Chang, Zhicheng He and Zheng Zhu.

Using exascale deep learning to accelerate cancer research

Deep learning, increasingly, is considered a crucial avenue for diagnosing and treating cancer. These authors (from Stony Brook University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory) explain how neural network architectures can be automatically generated to increase accuracy and prediction speed. Using an HPC-enabled software stack, they generate a neural network with state-of-the-art accuracy working using a cancer pathology dataset – which operated with 16 times the speed of comparably accurate tools.

Authors: Robert M. Patton, J. Travis Johnston, Steven R. Young, Catherine D. Schuman, Thomas E. Potok, Derek C. Rose, Seung-Hwan Lim, Junghoon Chae, Le Hou, Shahira Abousamra, Dimitris Samaras and Joel Saltz.

Developing visualization for extreme-scale scientific computation

This paper – written by a team from the University of Oregon – discusses the XVis project, which aims to provide “the necessary research and infrastructure for scientific discovery” in the high-performance scientific computing ecosystem by addressing emerging processor technology, integration, usability and proxy analysis. Specifically, the authors discuss the XVis project’s work to prepare scientific visualization tools for the exascale era.

Authors: Ken Moreland, David Pugmire, David Rogers, Hank Childs, Kwan-Liu Ma and Berk Geveci.

Enabling HPC performance monitoring via job-specific analysis

Performance monitoring can have major impacts on optimization and job scheduling. This paper, written by a duo from the Max Planck Computing and Data Facility (MPCDF) in Germany, describes the design and implementation of an HPC performance monitoring system that continuously monitors performance metrics of all the jobs on the HPC systems at the MPCDF. The authors describe the practical experiences and benefits of their solutions.

Authors: Luka Stanisic and Klaus Reuter

Using HPC and spatial data for smart cities and urban governance

Air pollution in India was responsible for around 1.8 million deaths in the year 2015 alone. These authors (from the BMS Institute of Technology and Management and the R.V. College of Engineering in India) describe an innovative integrated framework utilizing HPC for capturing environmental data using a smart air monitoring system, allowing policymakers to take preventive measures to improve urban air quality.

Authors: G.S. Nagaraja, Anjan K. Koundinya, G. Thippeswamy and Vinay V. Hegde.


Do you know about research that should be included in next month’s list? If so, send us an email at oliver@taborcommunications.com. We look forward to hearing from you.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Intel Debuts ‘Infrastructure Processing Unit’ as Part of Broader XPU Strategy

June 15, 2021

To boost the performance of busy CPUs hosted by cloud service providers, Intel Corp. has launched a new line of Infrastructure Processing Units (IPUs) that take over some of a CPU’s overhead to let it do more processin Read more…

ISC Keynote: Glimpse into Microsoft’s View of the Quantum Computing Landscape

June 15, 2021

Looking for a dose of reality and realistic optimism about quantum computing? Matthias Troyer, Microsoft distinguished scientist, plans to do just that in his ISC2021 keynote in two weeks –  Quantum Computing: From Ac Read more…

Q&A with Google’s Bill Magro, an HPCwire Person to Watch in 2021

June 11, 2021

Last Fall Bill Magro joined Google as CTO of HPC, a newly created position, after two decades at Intel, where he was responsible for the company's HPC strategy. This interview was conducted by email at the beginning of A Read more…

A Carbon Crisis Looms Over Supercomputing. How Do We Stop It?

June 11, 2021

Supercomputing is extraordinarily power-hungry, with many of the top systems measuring their peak demand in the megawatts due to powerful processors and their correspondingly powerful cooling systems. As a result, these Read more…

Honeywell Quantum and Cambridge Quantum Plan to Merge; More to Follow?

June 10, 2021

Earlier this week, Honeywell announced plans to merge its quantum computing business, Honeywell Quantum Solutions (HQS), which focuses on trapped ion hardware, with the U.K.-based Cambridge Quantum Computing (CQC), which Read more…

AWS Solution Channel

Building highly-available HPC infrastructure on AWS

Reminder: You can learn a lot from AWS HPC engineers by subscribing to the HPC Tech Short YouTube channel, and following the AWS HPC Blog channel. Read more…

ISC21 Keynoter Xiaoxiang Zhu to Deliver a Bird’s-Eye View of a Changing World

June 10, 2021

ISC High Performance 2021 – once again virtual due to the ongoing pandemic – is swiftly approaching. In contrast to last year’s conference, which canceled its in-person component with a couple months’ notice, ISC Read more…

ISC Keynote: Glimpse into Microsoft’s View of the Quantum Computing Landscape

June 15, 2021

Looking for a dose of reality and realistic optimism about quantum computing? Matthias Troyer, Microsoft distinguished scientist, plans to do just that in his I Read more…

A Carbon Crisis Looms Over Supercomputing. How Do We Stop It?

June 11, 2021

Supercomputing is extraordinarily power-hungry, with many of the top systems measuring their peak demand in the megawatts due to powerful processors and their c Read more…

Honeywell Quantum and Cambridge Quantum Plan to Merge; More to Follow?

June 10, 2021

Earlier this week, Honeywell announced plans to merge its quantum computing business, Honeywell Quantum Solutions (HQS), which focuses on trapped ion hardware, Read more…

ISC21 Keynoter Xiaoxiang Zhu to Deliver a Bird’s-Eye View of a Changing World

June 10, 2021

ISC High Performance 2021 – once again virtual due to the ongoing pandemic – is swiftly approaching. In contrast to last year’s conference, which canceled Read more…

Xilinx Expands Versal Chip Family With 7 New Versal AI Edge Chips

June 10, 2021

FPGA chip vendor Xilinx has been busy over the last several years cranking out its Versal AI Core, Versal Premium and Versal Prime chip families to fill customer compute needs in the cloud, datacenters, networks and more. Now Xilinx is expanding its reach to the booming edge... Read more…

What is Thermodynamic Computing and Could It Become Important?

June 3, 2021

What, exactly, is thermodynamic computing? (Yes, we know everything obeys thermodynamic laws.) A trio of researchers from Microsoft, UC San Diego, and Georgia Tech have written an interesting viewpoint in the June issue... Read more…

AMD Introduces 3D Chiplets, Demos Vertical Cache on Zen 3 CPUs

June 2, 2021

At Computex 2021, held virtually this week, AMD showcased a new 3D chiplet architecture that will be used for future high-performance computing products set to Read more…

Nvidia Expands Its Certified Server Models, Unveils DGX SuperPod Subscriptions

June 2, 2021

Nvidia is busy this week at the virtual Computex 2021 Taipei technology show, announcing an expansion of its nascent Nvidia-certified server program, a range of Read more…

AMD Chipmaker TSMC to Use AMD Chips for Chipmaking

May 8, 2021

TSMC has tapped AMD to support its major manufacturing and R&D workloads. AMD will provide its Epyc Rome 7702P CPUs – with 64 cores operating at a base cl Read more…

Intel Launches 10nm ‘Ice Lake’ Datacenter CPU with Up to 40 Cores

April 6, 2021

The wait is over. Today Intel officially launched its 10nm datacenter CPU, the third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processor, codenamed Ice Lake. With up to 40 Read more…

Berkeley Lab Debuts Perlmutter, World’s Fastest AI Supercomputer

May 27, 2021

A ribbon-cutting ceremony held virtually at Berkeley Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) today marked the official launch of Perlmutter – aka NERSC-9 – the GPU-accelerated supercomputer built by HPE in partnership with Nvidia and AMD. Read more…

Google Launches TPU v4 AI Chips

May 20, 2021

Google CEO Sundar Pichai spoke for only one minute and 42 seconds about the company’s latest TPU v4 Tensor Processing Units during his keynote at the Google I Read more…

CERN Is Betting Big on Exascale

April 1, 2021

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) involves 23 countries, 15,000 researchers, billions of dollars a year, and the biggest machine in the worl Read more…

Iran Gains HPC Capabilities with Launch of ‘Simorgh’ Supercomputer

May 18, 2021

Iran is said to be developing domestic supercomputing technology to advance the processing of scientific, economic, political and military data, and to strengthen the nation’s position in the age of AI and big data. On Sunday, Iran unveiled the Simorgh supercomputer, which will deliver.... Read more…

HPE Launches Storage Line Loaded with IBM’s Spectrum Scale File System

April 6, 2021

HPE today launched a new family of storage solutions bundled with IBM’s Spectrum Scale Erasure Code Edition parallel file system (description below) and featu Read more…

Quantum Computer Start-up IonQ Plans IPO via SPAC

March 8, 2021

IonQ, a Maryland-based quantum computing start-up working with ion trap technology, plans to go public via a Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) merger a Read more…

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

10nm, 7nm, 5nm…. Should the Chip Nanometer Metric Be Replaced?

June 1, 2020

The biggest cool factor in server chips is the nanometer. AMD beating Intel to a CPU built on a 7nm process node* – with 5nm and 3nm on the way – has been i Read more…

Julia Update: Adoption Keeps Climbing; Is It a Python Challenger?

January 13, 2021

The rapid adoption of Julia, the open source, high level programing language with roots at MIT, shows no sign of slowing according to data from Julialang.org. I Read more…

AMD Launches Epyc ‘Milan’ with 19 SKUs for HPC, Enterprise and Hyperscale

March 15, 2021

At a virtual launch event held today (Monday), AMD revealed its third-generation Epyc “Milan” CPU lineup: a set of 19 SKUs -- including the flagship 64-core, 280-watt 7763 part --  aimed at HPC, enterprise and cloud workloads. Notably, the third-gen Epyc Milan chips achieve 19 percent... Read more…

Can Deep Learning Replace Numerical Weather Prediction?

March 3, 2021

Numerical weather prediction (NWP) is a mainstay of supercomputing. Some of the first applications of the first supercomputers dealt with climate modeling, and Read more…

Livermore’s El Capitan Supercomputer to Debut HPE ‘Rabbit’ Near Node Local Storage

February 18, 2021

A near node local storage innovation called Rabbit factored heavily into Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s decision to select Cray’s proposal for its CORAL-2 machine, the lab’s first exascale-class supercomputer, El Capitan. Details of this new storage technology were revealed... Read more…

GTC21: Nvidia Launches cuQuantum; Dips a Toe in Quantum Computing

April 13, 2021

Yesterday Nvidia officially dipped a toe into quantum computing with the launch of cuQuantum SDK, a development platform for simulating quantum circuits on GPU-accelerated systems. As Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang emphasized in his keynote, Nvidia doesn’t plan to build... Read more…

Microsoft to Provide World’s Most Powerful Weather & Climate Supercomputer for UK’s Met Office

April 22, 2021

More than 14 months ago, the UK government announced plans to invest £1.2 billion ($1.56 billion) into weather and climate supercomputing, including procuremen Read more…

African Supercomputing Center Inaugurates ‘Toubkal,’ Most Powerful Supercomputer on the Continent

February 25, 2021

Historically, Africa hasn’t exactly been synonymous with supercomputing. There are only a handful of supercomputers on the continent, with few ranking on the Read more…

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
HPCwire