HPE, AMD and EuroHPC Partner for Pre-Exascale LUMI Supercomputer

By Oliver Peckham

October 21, 2020

Not even a week after Nvidia announced that it would be providing hardware for the first four of the eight planned EuroHPC systems, HPE and AMD are announcing another major EuroHPC design win. Finnish supercomputing center CSC revealed today that its forthcoming LUMI system – commissioned under the auspices of EuroHPC – will be built by HPE using AMD processor technology. With a target Linpack performance of 375 petaflops, LUMI is the second of three planned “pre-exascale” machines under EuroHPC to have its hardware detailed. The system also breaks new ground in energy efficiency.

The system

LUMI is based on the HPE Cray EX supercomputer architecture, and will harness next-generation AMD Epyc CPUs and AMD Instinct GPUs. Storage will include 7 PB of accelerated flash-based storage (LUMI-F, utilizing a Cray ClusterStor E1000 storage system); an 80 PB Lustre file system (LUMI-P); and 30 PB of encrypted object storage (LUMI-O). LUMI’s primary GPU-driven partition (LUMI-G) will be supplemented by a data analytics partition with 32 TB of memory and additional GPUs (LUMI-D), as well as a CPU partition featuring around 200,000 AMD Epyc CPU cores. LUMI will use HPE Slingshot networking.

LUMI’s main partition is expected to deliver over 550 peak petaflops of computing power, just above (current Top500 leader) Fugaku’s 513.8 peak petaflops. Committed Linpack performance, meanwhile, is 375 petaflops (shy of Fugaku’s 415.5). This makes LUMI the most powerful of the five planned EuroHPC systems that have been detailed so far: Italy’s Leonardo system is expected to deliver over 200 peak petaflops; Luxembourg’s Meluxina, over 18; the Czech Republic’s EURO IT4I, 15.2; and Slovenia’s Vega, 6.8.

Energy efficiency & siting

LUMI will support research from ten countries, comprising a new “LUMI consortium”: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland. The consortium says that LUMI will enable more precise climate models; advanced AI applications in areas like self-driving vehicle development; large-scale social science analytics; personalized medicine research; and much more. Up to 20 percent of LUMI’s capacity will be reserved for European industry and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

The planned design for the LUMI datacenter. Image courtesy of Synposis Architects Ltd. and Geometria Architecture Ltd.

The system will be installed in a new datacenter at CSC’s campus in Kajaani, Finland, where CSC says the system will take up roughly the size of a tennis court. The datacenter is expected to be ready by Q4 2020; the first phase of LUMI, by Q2 2021; and the second phase of LUMI, by Q4 2021. LUMI will use 100 percent renewable energy (thanks to local hydropower) and its waste heat will be used to supply approximately 20 percent of the yearly district heating needs of its host town, resulting in a stated net negative carbon footprint of 13,500 tons of CO2 equivalent per year.

HPE says that LUMI will use “approximately 8.5 megawatts,” which translates into an extremely efficient 44.1 gigaflops per watt. For context, this is nearly double the efficiency of the current Green500 leader, MN-3, which delivers 21.1 gigaflops per watt. Extrapolating LUMI’s numbers out, an exascale system would require just around 22.7 megawatts — well within the 40-megawatt limit targeted by the planned U.S. exascale systems (a goal that requires a minimum efficiency of 25 gigaflops per watt), and close to the ambitious 20-megawatt exascale goal set by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) in the early 2010s. With HPE supplying those three exascale systems as well, this may be the first real preview of those systems’ computational efficiency.

“Once operational in mid-2021, the LUMI supercomputer will be one of the most competitive and green supercomputers in the world,” said Anders Jensen, executive director of EuroHPC. “Such [a] leadership-class system will support European researchers, industry and [the] public sector in better understanding and responding to complex challenges and transforming them into innovation opportunities in sectors like health, weather forecasting or urban and rural planning.”

LUMI’s total cost of ownership through 2026 is expected to be approximately €200 million ($237.1 million), of which €140 million ($165 million) will go toward the supercomputer itself. This cost will be split between the European Commission (€100 million), Finland (€50 million) and the remaining nine countries in the LUMI consortium (€50 million).  

The EuroHPC roadmap

LUMI is the second EuroHPC system so far that is being built by HPE (with the other being EURO IT4I). Leonardo, Meluxina and Vega, meanwhile, are all being built by French IT firm Atos. As a U.S. company, HPE appears to have successfully wooed EuroHPC with promises to bring some of its operations across the pond: HPE will be manufacturing liquid-cooled Cray EX supercomputers and Apollo systems in its Kutná Hora factory in the Czech Republic (where EURO IT4I will be based), and the company has also committed to establishing a Center of Excellence in Europe that will provide R&D services and expertise in support of exascale readiness.

Three of the eight planned EuroHPC systems are yet to be detailed:  the four-petaflops PetaSC system, hosted by Sofia Tech Park in Bulgaria; the ten-petaflops Deucalion system, hosted by the Minho Advanced Computing Center in Portugal; and the 200-petaflops MareNostrum 5 system, hosted by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center in Spain. By process of elimination, MareNostrum 5 will be the last of the three pre-exascale systems to be fully announced. “For the third machine, the tendering process is in its very final phase now,” Jensen said, “so there will be announcements on that in the coming weeks.”

LUMI is the latest in a series of wins for HPE’s Cray EX systems, which will serve as the basis for the three planned U.S. exascale systems (Aurora, El Capitan and Frontier) and Australia’s most powerful supercomputer (just announced this week). Conspicuously absent, however, are mentions of the European Processor Initiative (EPI) and its planned first-generation “Rhea” CPUs, ostensibly slated for 2021. Jensen maintains that the EPI continues to factor into the future of EuroHPC.

“The ambition is that when we get to the exascale systems – which is what we will be discussing in the coming years – … that EPI will deliver a processor that we can base at least one of the upcoming exascale systems on,” he said.

Header image: concept art of the LUMI supercomputer. Image courtesy of CSC. 

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Watch Nvidia’s GTC21 Keynote with Jensen Huang Livestreamed Here, Monday at 8:30am PT

April 9, 2021

Join HPCwire right here on Monday, April 12, at 8:30 am PT to see the Nvidia GTC21 keynote from Nvidia’s CEO, Jensen Huang, livestreamed in its entirety. Hosted by HPCwire, you can click to join the Huang keynote on our livestream to hear Nvidia’s expected news and... Read more…

The US Places Seven Additional Chinese Supercomputing Entities on Blacklist

April 8, 2021

As tensions between the U.S. and China continue to simmer, the U.S. government today added seven Chinese supercomputing entities to an economic blacklist. The U.S. Entity List bars U.S. firms from supplying key technolog Read more…

Argonne Supercomputing Supports Caterpillar Engine Design

April 8, 2021

Diesel fuels still account for nearly ten percent of all energy-related U.S. carbon emissions – most of them from heavy-duty vehicles like trucks and construction equipment. Energy efficiency is key to these machines, Read more…

Habana’s AI Silicon Comes to San Diego Supercomputer Center

April 8, 2021

Habana Labs, an Intel-owned AI company, has partnered with server maker Supermicro to provide high-performance, high-efficiency AI computing in the form of new training and inference servers that will power the upcoming Read more…

Intel Partners Debut Latest Servers Based on the New Intel Gen 3 ‘Ice Lake’ Xeons

April 7, 2021

Fresh from Intel’s launch of the company’s latest third-generation Xeon Scalable “Ice Lake” processors on April 6 (Tuesday), Intel server partners Cisco, Dell EMC, HPE and Lenovo simultaneously unveiled their first server models built around the latest chips. And though arch-rival AMD may... Read more…

AWS Solution Channel

Volkswagen Passenger Cars Uses NICE DCV for High-Performance 3D Remote Visualization

 

Volkswagen Passenger Cars has been one of the world’s largest car manufacturers for over 70 years. The company delivers more than 6 million automobiles to global customers every year, from 50 production locations on five continents. Read more…

What’s New in HPC Research: Tundra, Fugaku, µHPC & More

April 6, 2021

In this regular feature, HPCwire highlights newly published research in the high-performance computing community and related domains. From parallel programming to exascale to quantum computing, the details are here. Read more…

The US Places Seven Additional Chinese Supercomputing Entities on Blacklist

April 8, 2021

As tensions between the U.S. and China continue to simmer, the U.S. government today added seven Chinese supercomputing entities to an economic blacklist. The U Read more…

Habana’s AI Silicon Comes to San Diego Supercomputer Center

April 8, 2021

Habana Labs, an Intel-owned AI company, has partnered with server maker Supermicro to provide high-performance, high-efficiency AI computing in the form of new Read more…

Intel Partners Debut Latest Servers Based on the New Intel Gen 3 ‘Ice Lake’ Xeons

April 7, 2021

Fresh from Intel’s launch of the company’s latest third-generation Xeon Scalable “Ice Lake” processors on April 6 (Tuesday), Intel server partners Cisco, Dell EMC, HPE and Lenovo simultaneously unveiled their first server models built around the latest chips. And though arch-rival AMD may... Read more…

Intel Launches 10nm ‘Ice Lake’ Datacenter CPU with Up to 40 Cores

April 6, 2021

The wait is over. Today Intel officially launched its 10nm datacenter CPU, the third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processor, codenamed Ice Lake. With up to 40 Read more…

HPE Launches Storage Line Loaded with IBM’s Spectrum Scale File System

April 6, 2021

HPE today launched a new family of storage solutions bundled with IBM’s Spectrum Scale Erasure Code Edition parallel file system (description below) and featu Read more…

RIKEN’s Ongoing COVID Research Includes New Vaccines, New Tests & More

April 6, 2021

RIKEN took the supercomputing world by storm last summer when it launched Fugaku – which became (and remains) the world’s most powerful supercomputer – ne Read more…

CERN Is Betting Big on Exascale

April 1, 2021

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) involves 23 countries, 15,000 researchers, billions of dollars a year, and the biggest machine in the worl Read more…

AI Systems Summit Keynote: Brace for System Level Heterogeneity Says de Supinski

April 1, 2021

Heterogeneous computing has quickly come to mean packing a couple of CPUs and one-or-many accelerators, mostly GPUs, onto the same node. Today, a one-such-node system has become the standard AI server offered by dozens of vendors. This is not to diminish the many advances... Read more…

Julia Update: Adoption Keeps Climbing; Is It a Python Challenger?

January 13, 2021

The rapid adoption of Julia, the open source, high level programing language with roots at MIT, shows no sign of slowing according to data from Julialang.org. I Read more…

Intel Launches 10nm ‘Ice Lake’ Datacenter CPU with Up to 40 Cores

April 6, 2021

The wait is over. Today Intel officially launched its 10nm datacenter CPU, the third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processor, codenamed Ice Lake. With up to 40 Read more…

CERN Is Betting Big on Exascale

April 1, 2021

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) involves 23 countries, 15,000 researchers, billions of dollars a year, and the biggest machine in the worl Read more…

Programming the Soon-to-Be World’s Fastest Supercomputer, Frontier

January 5, 2021

What’s it like designing an app for the world’s fastest supercomputer, set to come online in the United States in 2021? The University of Delaware’s Sunita Chandrasekaran is leading an elite international team in just that task. Chandrasekaran, assistant professor of computer and information sciences, recently was named... Read more…

HPE Launches Storage Line Loaded with IBM’s Spectrum Scale File System

April 6, 2021

HPE today launched a new family of storage solutions bundled with IBM’s Spectrum Scale Erasure Code Edition parallel file system (description below) and featu Read more…

10nm, 7nm, 5nm…. Should the Chip Nanometer Metric Be Replaced?

June 1, 2020

The biggest cool factor in server chips is the nanometer. AMD beating Intel to a CPU built on a 7nm process node* – with 5nm and 3nm on the way – has been i Read more…

Saudi Aramco Unveils Dammam 7, Its New Top Ten Supercomputer

January 21, 2021

By revenue, oil and gas giant Saudi Aramco is one of the largest companies in the world, and it has historically employed commensurate amounts of supercomputing Read more…

Quantum Computer Start-up IonQ Plans IPO via SPAC

March 8, 2021

IonQ, a Maryland-based quantum computing start-up working with ion trap technology, plans to go public via a Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) merger a Read more…

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

Can Deep Learning Replace Numerical Weather Prediction?

March 3, 2021

Numerical weather prediction (NWP) is a mainstay of supercomputing. Some of the first applications of the first supercomputers dealt with climate modeling, and Read more…

Livermore’s El Capitan Supercomputer to Debut HPE ‘Rabbit’ Near Node Local Storage

February 18, 2021

A near node local storage innovation called Rabbit factored heavily into Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s decision to select Cray’s proposal for its CORAL-2 machine, the lab’s first exascale-class supercomputer, El Capitan. Details of this new storage technology were revealed... Read more…

New Deep Learning Algorithm Solves Rubik’s Cube

July 25, 2018

Solving (and attempting to solve) Rubik’s Cube has delighted millions of puzzle lovers since 1974 when the cube was invented by Hungarian sculptor and archite Read more…

African Supercomputing Center Inaugurates ‘Toubkal,’ Most Powerful Supercomputer on the Continent

February 25, 2021

Historically, Africa hasn’t exactly been synonymous with supercomputing. There are only a handful of supercomputers on the continent, with few ranking on the Read more…

The History of Supercomputing vs. COVID-19

March 9, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic poses a greater challenge to the high-performance computing community than any before. HPCwire's coverage of the supercomputing response t Read more…

HPE Names Justin Hotard New HPC Chief as Pete Ungaro Departs

March 2, 2021

HPE CEO Antonio Neri announced today (March 2, 2021) the appointment of Justin Hotard as general manager of HPC, mission critical solutions and labs, effective Read more…

AMD Launches Epyc ‘Milan’ with 19 SKUs for HPC, Enterprise and Hyperscale

March 15, 2021

At a virtual launch event held today (Monday), AMD revealed its third-generation Epyc “Milan” CPU lineup: a set of 19 SKUs -- including the flagship 64-core, 280-watt 7763 part --  aimed at HPC, enterprise and cloud workloads. Notably, the third-gen Epyc Milan chips achieve 19 percent... Read more…

Microsoft, HPE Bringing AI, Edge, Cloud to Earth Orbit in Preparation for Mars Missions

February 12, 2021

The International Space Station will soon get a delivery of powerful AI, edge and cloud computing tools from HPE and Microsoft Azure to expand technology experi Read more…

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
HPCwire