University of Cambridge Pursues Healthcare Innovations and Pioneers Sustainable High Performance Computing

November 21, 2022

Supercomputers power scientific discovery, sustainable design, and next generation exabyte systems at one of the world’s oldest universities

Founded in 1209, the University of Cambridge in England is the world’s third-oldest existing university and has a long and distinguished history of scientific discovery. The many brilliant scientific minds who have taught and conducted research at Cambridge include: Charles Darwin, who formulated the theory of evolution; Francis Crick and James Watson, who mapped the structure of proteins in DNA; and Stephen Hawking, the theoretical physicist whose work on the origins and structure of the universe revolutionized the field.

Today, one of the hotbeds of scientific research and innovation is within the University of Cambridge Research Computing Services, where efforts to improve medicine, treatment, and healthcare outcomes are benefiting from simulations, artificial intelligence techniques, and data analytics on supercomputers.

Data-intensive Healthcare Research

IDC estimates that an average of 270 GB of healthcare and life science data is created for every person in the world and that 30% of the world’s data volume is generated by the healthcare industry. At the University of Cambridge, with some of the world’s most sophisticated supercomputers, more than 3,000 researchers work on over 700 projects with large volumes of patient data on 2,500 servers.

One project lets healthcare professionals analyze a patient’s genome to understand how it may influence the course and treatment of a particular disease. For example, a swift diagnosis and treatment plan can be tailored to a patient based on analysis of data on specific types of cancer. A consortium of biologists and genome scientists are working to generate a detailed gene variant analysis of 10,000 people to identify the links between gene variation and illness. Another project provides COVID insights based on national healthcare data on a weekly basis to help policymakers in the U.K. make better informed decisions on public health initiatives.

Sustainable Computing

Reducing the supercomputing center’s environmental impact is another major goal at the University. To help lower energy use, researchers are writing code that estimates the amount of time and energy an operation takes and to include power consumption as part of project estimates. Developers could be incentivized to write code that makes more efficient use of supercomputing cycles and specific higher-energy-use components. Other sustainability efforts include exploration of ways to reduce the power required for heating and cooling of hardware, including component-level cooling.

The University has nearly doubled the energy efficiency of its Wilkes3 supercomputer and it is now rated one of the most energy efficient supercomputer in the world on the International Green 500 list.

In another area of sustainability research, the University is collaborating with the UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) to design nuclear fusion reactors to try to help alleviate the climate crisis. Using supercomputing resources and big data analytics, the goal is to build carbon-neutral reactors.

Exascale Computers

Total processing power for some of the fastest supercomputers at the center are measured in petaflops ― 10 petaflops is 10 quadrillion (thousand trillion) floating point operations per second (FLOPS). These are next generation exascale supercomputers, capable of a billion billion calculations per second. They are 50 times more powerful than systems used today and combine HPC with ultra-fast data storage for analytics, artificial intelligence, and simulations.

Today, building an exascale system requires half a million servers so researchers and partner companies are building new, more powerful, computational technologies as an alternative. Large-scale, solid-state storage systems that maximize I/O performance and high performance networking solutions that provide broad interoperability are also part of exascale development efforts at the University.

Another project within the Cambridge Exascale Lab is scaling cloud-native, software-defined supercomputing with OpenStack, allowing scientists and researchers to deploy clusters on demand. The Cambridge Exascale Lab features partnerships with leading agencies and technology companies working with exascale technologies. Their systems will support some of the most computationally intensive, advanced research in the world, from understanding the universe, designing new materials and clean energy solutions, and developing personalized, data-driven healthcare.

As data volumes mushroom and artificial intelligence techniques grow more powerful, the University of Cambridge is a leader in the use of vast data sets and HPC to come up with solutions to some of the most difficult challenges facing mankind. With the digitization of healthcare in particular, University researchers are convinced that the treatment and prevention of disease and the keys to health and longevity lurk within data. Their work defines a new era in scientific discovery that may rival the work of famous Cambridge scientists over eight centuries.

For more information, read “HPC Technology Helps Scientists Tackle Tomorrow’s Problems, Today” at the University of Cambridge and/or watch the video.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

2022 Road Trip: NASA Ames Takes Off

November 25, 2022

I left Dallas very early Friday morning after the conclusion of SC22. I had a race with the devil to get from Dallas to Mountain View, Calif., by Sunday. According to Google Maps, this 1,957 mile jaunt would be the longe Read more…

2022 Road Trip: Sandia Brain Trust Sounds Off

November 24, 2022

As the 2022 Great American Supercomputing Road Trip carries on, it’s Sandia’s turn. It was a bright sunny day when I rolled into Albuquerque after a high-speed run from Los Alamos National Laboratory. My interview su Read more…

2022 HPC Road Trip: Los Alamos

November 23, 2022

With SC22 in the rearview mirror, it’s time to get back to the 2022 Great American Supercomputing Road Trip. To refresh everyone’s memory, I jumped in the car on November 3rd and headed towards SC22 in Dallas, stoppi Read more…

Chipmakers Looking at New Architecture to Drive Computing Ahead

November 23, 2022

The ability to scale current computing designs is reaching a breaking point, and chipmakers such as Intel, Qualcomm and AMD are putting their brains together on an alternate architecture to push computing forward. The chipmakers are coalescing around the new concept of sparse computing, which involves bringing computing to data... Read more…

QuEra’s Quest: Build a Flexible Neutral Atom-based Quantum Computer

November 23, 2022

Last month, QuEra Computing began providing access to its 256-qubit, neutral atom-based quantum system, Aquila, from Amazon Braket. Founded in 2018, and built on technology developed at Harvard and MIT, QuEra, is one of Read more…

AWS Solution Channel

Shutterstock 1648511269

Avoid overspending with AWS Batch using a serverless cost guardian monitoring architecture

Pay-as-you-go resources are a compelling but daunting concept for budget conscious research customers. Uncertainty of cloud costs is a barrier-to-entry for most, and having near real-time cost visibility is critical. Read more…

 

shutterstock_1431394361

AI and the need for purpose-built cloud infrastructure

Modern AI solutions augment human understanding, preferences, intent, and even spoken language. AI improves our knowledge and understanding by delivering faster, more informed insights that fuel transformation beyond anything previously imagined. Read more…

SC22’s ‘HPC Accelerates’ Plenary Stresses Need for Collaboration

November 21, 2022

Every year, SC has a theme. For SC22 – held last week in Dallas – it was “HPC Accelerates”: a theme that conference chair Candace Culhane said reflected “how supercomputing is continuously changing the world by Read more…

Chipmakers Looking at New Architecture to Drive Computing Ahead

November 23, 2022

The ability to scale current computing designs is reaching a breaking point, and chipmakers such as Intel, Qualcomm and AMD are putting their brains together on an alternate architecture to push computing forward. The chipmakers are coalescing around the new concept of sparse computing, which involves bringing computing to data... Read more…

QuEra’s Quest: Build a Flexible Neutral Atom-based Quantum Computer

November 23, 2022

Last month, QuEra Computing began providing access to its 256-qubit, neutral atom-based quantum system, Aquila, from Amazon Braket. Founded in 2018, and built o Read more…

SC22’s ‘HPC Accelerates’ Plenary Stresses Need for Collaboration

November 21, 2022

Every year, SC has a theme. For SC22 – held last week in Dallas – it was “HPC Accelerates”: a theme that conference chair Candace Culhane said reflected Read more…

Quantum – Are We There (or Close) Yet? No, Says the Panel

November 19, 2022

For all of its politeness, a fascinating panel on the last day of SC22 – Quantum Computing: A Future for HPC Acceleration? – mostly served to illustrate the Read more…

RISC-V Is Far from Being an Alternative to x86 and Arm in HPC

November 18, 2022

One of the original RISC-V designers this week boldly predicted that the open architecture will surpass rival chip architectures in performance. "The prediction is two or three years we'll be surpassing your architectures and available performance with... Read more…

Gordon Bell Special Prize Goes to LLM-Based Covid Variant Prediction

November 17, 2022

For three years running, ACM has awarded not only its long-standing Gordon Bell Prize (read more about this year’s winner here!) but also its Gordon Bell Spec Read more…

2022 Gordon Bell Prize Goes to Plasma Accelerator Research

November 17, 2022

At the awards ceremony at SC22 in Dallas today, ACM awarded the 2022 ACM Gordon Bell Prize to a team of researchers who used four major supercomputers – inclu Read more…

Gordon Bell Nominee Used LLMs, HPC, Cerebras CS-2 to Predict Covid Variants

November 17, 2022

Large language models (LLMs) have taken the tech world by storm over the past couple of years, dominating headlines with their ability to generate convincing hu Read more…

Nvidia Shuts Out RISC-V Software Support for GPUs 

September 23, 2022

Nvidia is not interested in bringing software support to its GPUs for the RISC-V architecture despite being an early adopter of the open-source technology in its GPU controllers. Nvidia has no plans to add RISC-V support for CUDA, which is the proprietary GPU software platform, a company representative... Read more…

RISC-V Is Far from Being an Alternative to x86 and Arm in HPC

November 18, 2022

One of the original RISC-V designers this week boldly predicted that the open architecture will surpass rival chip architectures in performance. "The prediction is two or three years we'll be surpassing your architectures and available performance with... Read more…

AWS Takes the Short and Long View of Quantum Computing

August 30, 2022

It is perhaps not surprising that the big cloud providers – a poor term really – have jumped into quantum computing. Amazon, Microsoft Azure, Google, and th Read more…

Chinese Startup Biren Details BR100 GPU

August 22, 2022

Amid the high-performance GPU turf tussle between AMD and Nvidia (and soon, Intel), a new, China-based player is emerging: Biren Technology, founded in 2019 and headquartered in Shanghai. At Hot Chips 34, Biren co-founder and president Lingjie Xu and Biren CTO Mike Hong took the (virtual) stage to detail the company’s inaugural product: the Biren BR100 general-purpose GPU (GPGPU). “It is my honor to present... Read more…

Tesla Bulks Up Its GPU-Powered AI Super – Is Dojo Next?

August 16, 2022

Tesla has revealed that its biggest in-house AI supercomputer – which we wrote about last year – now has a total of 7,360 A100 GPUs, a nearly 28 percent uplift from its previous total of 5,760 GPUs. That’s enough GPU oomph for a top seven spot on the Top500, although the tech company best known for its electric vehicles has not publicly benchmarked the system. If it had, it would... Read more…

AMD Thrives in Servers amid Intel Restructuring, Layoffs

November 12, 2022

Chipmakers regularly indulge in a game of brinkmanship, with an example being Intel and AMD trying to upstage one another with server chip launches this week. But each of those companies are in different positions, with AMD playing its traditional role of a scrappy underdog trying to unseat the behemoth Intel... Read more…

JPMorgan Chase Bets Big on Quantum Computing

October 12, 2022

Most talk about quantum computing today, at least in HPC circles, focuses on advancing technology and the hurdles that remain. There are plenty of the latter. F Read more…

UCIe Consortium Incorporates, Nvidia and Alibaba Round Out Board

August 2, 2022

The Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express (UCIe) consortium is moving ahead with its effort to standardize a universal interconnect at the package level. The c Read more…

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

Using Exascale Supercomputers to Make Clean Fusion Energy Possible

September 2, 2022

Fusion, the nuclear reaction that powers the Sun and the stars, has incredible potential as a source of safe, carbon-free and essentially limitless energy. But Read more…

Nvidia, Qualcomm Shine in MLPerf Inference; Intel’s Sapphire Rapids Makes an Appearance.

September 8, 2022

The steady maturation of MLCommons/MLPerf as an AI benchmarking tool was apparent in today’s release of MLPerf v2.1 Inference results. Twenty-one organization Read more…

Not Just Cash for Chips – The New Chips and Science Act Boosts NSF, DOE, NIST

August 3, 2022

After two-plus years of contentious debate, several different names, and final passage by the House (243-187) and Senate (64-33) last week, the Chips and Science Act will soon become law. Besides the $54.2 billion provided to boost US-based chip manufacturing, the act reshapes US science policy in meaningful ways. NSF’s proposed budget... Read more…

SC22 Unveils ACM Gordon Bell Prize Finalists

August 12, 2022

Courtesy of the schedule for the SC22 conference, we now have our first glimpse at the finalists for this year’s coveted Gordon Bell Prize. The Gordon Bell Pr Read more…

Intel Is Opening up Its Chip Factories to Academia

October 6, 2022

Intel is opening up its fabs for academic institutions so researchers can get their hands on physical versions of its chips, with the end goal of boosting semic Read more…

AMD Previews 400 Gig Adaptive SmartNIC SOC at Hot Chips

August 24, 2022

Fresh from finalizing its acquisitions of FPGA provider Xilinx (Feb. 2022) and DPU provider Pensando (May 2022) ), AMD previewed what it calls a 400 Gig Adaptive smartNIC SOC yesterday at Hot Chips. It is another contender in the increasingly crowded and blurry smartNIC/DPU space where distinguishing between the two isn’t always easy. The motivation for these device types... Read more…

Google Program to Free Chips Boosts University Semiconductor Design

August 11, 2022

A Google-led program to design and manufacture chips for free is becoming popular among researchers and computer enthusiasts. The search giant's open silicon program is providing the tools for anyone to design chips, which then get manufactured. Google foots the entire bill, from a chip's conception to delivery of the final product in a user's hand. Google's... Read more…

AMD’s Genoa CPUs Offer Up to 96 5nm Cores Across 12 Chiplets

November 10, 2022

AMD’s fourth-generation Epyc processor line has arrived, starting with the “general-purpose” architecture, called “Genoa,” the successor to third-gen Eypc Milan, which debuted in March of last year. At a launch event held today in San Francisco, AMD announced the general availability of the latest Epyc CPUs with up to 96 TSMC 5nm Zen 4 cores... Read more…

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
HPCwire