This whitepaper explores the underlying market trends and unique requirements driven by the imperative to translate the avalanche of digital data being collected today into actionable intelligence at the edge. Increasingly, businesses across multiple industries will need to embrace high performance edge computing to fulfill the demand for processing digital data at its source to drive precise real time decision making. Edge computing enhanced with HPC capabilities will let many companies overcome the performance, latency, and security challenges that occur when remote locations rely on traditional remote data center or cloud computing models. This whitepaper articulates the expanding range of use cases needing high performance edge computing, many driven by the rapid adoption of artificial intelligence techniques. The whitepaper then explores the unique design requirements for these systems and ultimately specifies the characteristics that should be sought out in development partners for designing and delivering perfect fit high performance edge computing solutions.