Argonne Opens New APS Long Beamline Building

July 26, 2022

July 26, 2022 — Yesterday, U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm and several Illinois leaders cut a ceremonial ribbon to mark the completion of a new facility that will host new experiments that will contribute to the future of electric vehicles, quantum computers and resilient materials for all kinds of uses.

Pictured (L-R): Laurent Chapon, U.S. Rep. Bill Foster, Elmie Peoples-Evans, Secretary Granholm, State Sen. Diane Pappas, Jim Kerby, Argonne Laboratory Director Paul Kearns, DOE Office of Science ASO Deputy Manager Rock Aker, U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush, and State Sen. Sue Rezin. Credit: Argonne.

The newly constructed Long Beamline Building (LBB) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory is an experiment hall that will become a part of the Advanced Photon Source (APS), a DOE Office of Science user facility. It will house two new beamlines that will transport ultrabright X-rays from the heart of the APS to cutting-edge scientific instruments.

This next generation of beamlines will be capable of providing high-resolution X-ray images of critical components and technologies from aircraft engines to solar cells to advanced materials for microelectronics, in clear detail and at impressively small scale.

The LBB is part of an $815 million upgrade of the APS, one of the most productive X-ray light sources in the world. More than 5,000 scientists from around the globe use the APS in a typical year to conduct research in fields ranging from chemistry to life sciences to materials science to geology.

“When America leads on science, we boost our global competitiveness and we create jobs. President Biden believes that investing in science and innovation helps us tackle not only today’s greatest challenges, but tomorrow’s as well,” said Secretary Granholm. ​“The newly unveiled facility at Argonne National Lab’s Advanced Photon Source is exactly what scientific leadership looks like and DOE could not be more proud of the scientists, researchers, staff and students who lead this important work.”

U.S. Reps. Bill Foster and Bobby Rush, Illinois State Sens. Diane Pappas and Sue Rezin, Argonne Laboratory Director Paul Kearns and dozens of scientists, engineers and APS team members joined Secretary Granholm for the occasion.

“As a particle physicist and a businessman, I am proud that this groundbreaking investment is happening here in Illinois at Argonne, our country’s first national laboratory,” said Congressman Foster. ​“The research that will be conducted here will be crucial as we work to develop everything from new energy technologies to solutions to pressing challenges like the opioid epidemic. This is just the beginning. I will continue to push for the sustained federal funding that will unlock the immense potential of the APS and Argonne’s other world-class research facilities.”

The APS Upgrade will replace the facility’s 25-year-old electron storage ring, an extremely large and powerful scientific instrument, with a state-of-the-art ring that will increase the brightness of the X-rays generated by up to 500 times. Several new beamlines will be constructed around the existing storage ring to facilitate a variety of research aims. The LBB will host two of them:

  • The In Situ Nanoprobe (ISN) will be used to create longer-lasting batteries and other energy storage devices, better functional materials and more powerful catalysts to reduce carbon emissions. Its ability to examine samples in different environmental conditions at ultrahigh spatial resolutions will be unmatched in the United States.
  • The High-Energy X-ray Microscope (HEXM) will offer extraordinary imaging capabilities for materials science, and will be used to, for example, improve the durability of materials used for airplane turbines, to prevent cracks and other defects from forming.

The Long Beamline Building project also includes the construction of the Activated Materials Laboratory (AML), funded by DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Adjacent to HEXM, the AML will allow the safe handling and storage of radioactive materials.

“It is imperative that scientists have the facilities and instruments they need to help us address climate change and answer the energy challenges that lie ahead,” said Congressman Rush. ​“With ingenuity and tenacity, a diverse set of engineers and scientists here in Illinois have taken an important step to providing a world-class resource that will improve the future of every American, wherever they live. I applaud their progress.”

As the name implies, the beamlines housed in the LBB are unusually long. In fact, they’re about three times longer than those currently at the APS, sending photons further from the source to reach samples being analyzed. This distance (roughly two football fields in length) allows for more focused X-ray beams and helps scientists look at materials and processes in much greater detail.

“The upgraded APS, paired with our advanced supercomputers, will offer scientists a powerful combination of tools to explore science at scale,” said Kearns. ​“We are thrilled to see the Long Beamline Building completed, which will help us push the boundaries of science and accelerate the technology that drives U.S. economic prosperity and security.”
The APS Upgrade team received full occupancy of the LBB in June 2022 — on time and on budget. Work is now underway to build experiment stations for the new beamlines inside the building.

The LBB, which broke ground for construction in June 2020, remains the most outwardly visible portion of the APS Upgrade project. To allow installation and commissioning of various components essential to the upgrade, the APS will pause operations for one year, starting in April 2023. When the light source returns in 2024 and experiments resume, the long beamlines in the LBB will be put to use immediately.

About the Advanced Photon Source

The U. S. Department of Energy Office of Science’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is one of the world’s most productive X-ray light source facilities. The APS provides high-brightness X-ray beams to a diverse community of researchers in materials science, chemistry, condensed matter physics, the life and environmental sciences, and applied research. These X-rays are ideally suited for explorations of materials and biological structures; elemental distribution; chemical, magnetic, electronic states; and a wide range of technologically important engineering systems from batteries to fuel injector sprays, all of which are the foundations of our nation’s economic, technological, and physical well-being. Each year, more than 5,000 researchers use the APS to produce over 2,000 publications detailing impactful discoveries, and solve more vital biological protein structures than users of any other X-ray light source research facility. APS scientists and engineers innovate technology that is at the heart of advancing accelerator and light-source operations. This includes the insertion devices that produce extreme-brightness X-rays prized by researchers, lenses that focus the X-rays down to a few nanometers, instrumentation that maximizes the way the X-rays interact with samples being studied, and software that gathers and manages the massive quantity of data resulting from discovery research at the APS.


Source: Kristen Molly Dean, Argonne National Laboratory

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