IBM Announces 2014 Second Quarter Results

July 18, 2014

July 18 — IBM has announced second-quarter 2014 diluted earnings of $4.12 per share, compared with diluted earnings of $2.91 per share in the second quarter of 2013, an increase of 42 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings were $4.32 per share, compared with operating diluted earnings of $3.22 per share in the second quarter of 2013, an increase of 34 percent.

Second-quarter net income was $4.1 billion compared with $3.2 billion in the second quarter of 2013, an increase of 28 percent. Operating (non-GAAP) net income was $4.3 billion compared with $3.6 billion in the second quarter of 2013, an increase of 21 percent. The year-to-year results include the impact of a charge in the prior year period of $1 billion for workforce rebalancing.

Total revenues for the second quarter of 2014 of $24.4 billion were down 2 percent (down 1 percent, as reported and adjusting for currency, adjusting for the divested customer care outsourcing business) from the second quarter of 2013.

“In the second quarter, we made further progress on our transformation. We performed well in our strategic imperatives around cloud, big data and analytics, security and mobile,” said Ginni Rometty, IBM chairman, president and chief executive officer. “We will continue to extend and leverage our unique strengths to address the emerging trends in enterprise IT and transform our business, positioning ourselves for growth over the long term.”

Second-Quarter GAAP – Operating (non-GAAP) Reconciliation

Second-quarter operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings exclude $0.20 per share of charges: $0.16 per share for the amortization of purchased intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges, and $0.04 per share for non-operating retirement-related charges driven by changes to plan assets and liabilities primarily related to market performance.

Full-Year 2014 Expectations

IBM expects full-year 2014 GAAP diluted earnings per share of at least $17.00, and operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share of at least $18.00. The 2014 operating (non-GAAP) earnings expectations exclude $1.00 per share of charges for amortization of purchased intangible assets, other acquisition-related charges, and retirement-related charges.

Geographic Regions

The Americas’ second-quarter revenues were $10.6 billion, a decrease of 1 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency) from the 2013 period. Revenues from Europe/Middle East/Africa were up 1 percent at $7.9 billion (down 3 percent adjusting for currency). Asia-Pacific revenues decreased 9 percent (down 6 percent adjusting for currency) to $5.3 billion. OEM revenues were $433 million, down 19 percent (down 19 percent adjusting for currency) compared with the 2013 second quarter.

Growth Markets

Revenues from the company’s growth markets were down 7 percent (down 4 percent, adjusting for currency). Revenues in the BRIC countries — Brazil, Russia, India and China — were down 2 percent (up 1 percent, adjusting for currency).

Services

Global Services segment revenues decreased 1 percent (down 1 percent, adjusting for currency) to $13.9 billion. Revenues increased 1 percent adjusting for the impact of the divested customer care outsourcing business. Global Technology Services segment revenues decreased 1 percent (down 1 percent, adjusting for currency) to $9.4 billion. Adjusting for the impact of the divested customer care outsourcing business, revenues were up 2 percent (up 2 percent adjusting for currency). Global Business Services segment revenues were down 2 percent (down 2 percent, adjusting for currency) to $4.5 billion.

Pre-tax income from Global Technology Services increased 22 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 19.2 percent, including the impact of a $0.4 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year. Global Business Services pre-tax income increased 34 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 17.8 percent, including the impact of a $0.2 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year.

The estimated services backlog at June 30 was $136 billion, down 1 percent adjusting for the divested customer care outsourcing business (down 3 percent adjusting for currency).

Software

Revenues from the Software segment were $6.5 billion, up 1 percent (flat adjusting for currency) compared with the second quarter of 2013. Software pre-tax income increased 10 percent and pre-tax margin increased to 36.5 percent, including the impact of a $0.2 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year.

Revenues from IBM’s key middleware products, which include WebSphere, Information Management, Tivoli, Workforce Solutions and Rational products, were $4.3 billion, up 1 percent (flat adjusting for currency) versus the second quarter of 2013. Operating systems revenues of $530 million were down 13 percent (down 13 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with the prior-year quarter.

Financing

Global Financing segment revenues increased 4 percent (up 4 percent, adjusting for currency) in the second quarter at $504 million. Pre-tax income for the segment increased 8 percent to $593 million.

Hardware

Revenues from the Systems and Technology segment totaled $3.3 billion for the quarter, down 11 percent (down 12 percent, adjusting for currency) from the second quarter of 2013. Systems and Technology segment pre-tax income increased $0.2 billion, including the impact of a $0.2 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year.

Total systems revenues decreased 11 percent (down 11 percent, adjusting for currency). Revenues from System z mainframe server products, in the seventh quarter since they were announced, decreased 1 percent compared with the year-ago period. Total delivery of System z computing power, as measured in MIPS (millions of instructions per second), was flat. Revenues from Power Systems were down 28 percent compared with the 2013 period. Revenues from System x were down 3 percent. Revenues from System Storage decreased 12 percent and within this business area, flash storage grew more than 100 percent. Revenues from Microelectronics OEM decreased 18 percent.

Gross Profit

The company’s total gross profit margin was 49.1 percent in the 2014 second quarter compared with 48.7 percent in the 2013 second-quarter period. Total operating (non-GAAP) gross profit margin was 49.8 percent in the 2014 second quarter compared with 49.7 percent in the 2013 second-quarter period, with increases in Global Technology Services and Global Financing.

Expense

Total expense and other income decreased to $6.8 billion or 15 percent, including a gain of $121 million from the divestiture of the customer care outsourcing business and the impact of a $1.0 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year period. S,G&A expense of $5.6 billion decreased 16 percent year over year. R,D&E expense of $1.5 billion decreased 6 percent compared with the year-ago period, and was 6 percent of revenue, consistent with the second-quarter of 2013. Intellectual property and custom development income decreased to $191 million compared with $247 million a year ago. Other (income) and expense was income of $201 million compared with prior-year income of $91 million. Interest expense increased to $136 million compared with $98 million in the prior year.

Total operating (non-GAAP) expense and other income decreased 14 percent to $6.7 billion compared with the prior-year period, including the impact of a $1.0 billion workforce rebalancing charge in the prior year period. Operating (non-GAAP) S,G&A expense decreased 16 percent to $5.5 billion compared with the prior-year period. Operating (non-GAAP) R,D&E expense of $1.5 billion was down 4 percent compared with the year-ago period.

Pre-Tax Income

Pre-tax income increased 25 percent to $5.2 billion and pre-tax margin of 21.2 percent was up 4.6 points compared with the prior-year period. Operating (non-GAAP) pre-tax income increased 18 percent to $5.4 billion and pre-tax margin was 22.3 percent, up 3.9 points.

IBM’s tax rate was 20.0 percent, down 2.1 points year over year; operating (non-GAAP) tax rate was 20.0 percent, down 2.0 points compared to the year-ago period.

Net income margin increased 4.0 points to 17.0 percent. Total operating (non-GAAP) net income margin increased 3.5 points to 17.8 percent.

The weighted-average number of diluted common shares outstanding in the second-quarter 2014 was 1.01 billion compared with 1.11 billion shares in the same period of 2013. As of June 30, 2014, there were 998 million basic common shares outstanding.

Debt, including Global Financing, totaled $46.5 billion, compared with $39.7 billion at year-end 2013. From a management segment view, Global Financing debt totaled $29.4 billion versus $27.5 billion at year-end 2013, resulting in a debt-to-equity ratio of 7.1 to 1. Non-global financing debt totaled $17.1 billion, an increase of $4.9 billion since year-end 2013, resulting in a debt-to-capitalization ratio of 56.1, essentially flat quarter-to-quarter and higher than the ratio at year-end 2013.

IBM ended the second-quarter 2014 with $9.7 billion of cash on hand and generated free cash flow of $3.0 billion, excluding Global Financing receivables, up $0.3 billion year over year. The company returned $4.8 billion to shareholders through $1.1 billion in dividends and $3.7 billion of gross share repurchases.

Year-To-Date 2014 Results

Net income for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was $6.5 billion compared with $6.3 billion in the year-ago period, an increase of 4 percent. Diluted earnings per share were $6.37 compared with $5.60 per diluted share for the 2013 period, an increase of 14 percent. Revenues for the six-month period totaled $46.8 billion, a decrease of 3 percent (down 2 percent, adjusting for currency) compared with $48.3 billion for the first six months of 2013.

Operating (non-GAAP) net income for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was $7.0 billion, flat year to year. Operating (non-GAAP) diluted earnings per share were $6.82 compared with $6.23 per diluted share for the 2013 period, an increase of 9.5 percent.

Source: IBM

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