Feb. 11, 2022 — EOSC-Nordic, the Nordic and Baltic coordinator of the European Open Science Cloud is running calculations on the new pre-exascale supercomputer, LUMI, through one of the chosen Norwegian pilot projects for the new HPC system in Finland.
From October 2021 until April 2022, EOSC-Nordic scientist Anne Fouilloux and her team have access to LUMI and are using it to do calculations for the climate use case in the EOSC-Nordic project.
“The main tools for climate scientists are so-called ‘Earth System Models,’ which run on High-Performance Computers like LUMI. Running high-resolution climate models can provide better insights for climate impact studies, and this requires a lot of computational resources,” she says.
An EOSC-Nordic Use Case
The climate use case is one of the demonstrator projects in EOSC-Nordic and called “FAIR Climate data and software for the Nordics.”
“In EOSC-Nordic, we are working on Open Science and the FAIRification of Climate Tools used in the Nordic countries,” she says.
Both a NICEST-2 and EOSC-Nordic Project
The goal is to provide FAIR climate data and tools to all Nordic communities interested in climate science, including those working on climate change mitigation and impact assessment. This use case serves the NeIC project NICEST-2, the second phase of the Nordic Collaboration on e-Infrastructures for Earth System Modeling Tools.
“NICEST2 complements EOSC-Nordic, and within NICEST2, we work on the building blocks of possible EOSC-Nordic services and on how to make climate science more FAIR. So in short, on everything that needs to be done before deploying any services on EOSC,” says Fouilloux.
And it is through this project the use case was included in the Norwegian granted pilot projects to run on LUMI.
“Butterfly effect” Makes Reproducibility Difficult
“Our goal was to verify our approach and prove that we have chosen the right path and can have FAIR Earth System Models that run efficiently, including one of the most powerful HPC systems,” Fouilloux says.
The problem is that running the same Earth System Models simulation on various HPC systems generates outputs that can be quite different at particular times and locations while still producing the same results in terms of climate, for instance, at a global scale and over long periods. This “butterfly effect” makes collaborations and reproducible research difficult.
“To make Earth System Models FAIR or at least to increase their FAIRness, we followed FAIR for software principles and standardized the way we package and run Earth System Models with containers, like docker and singularity,” she says.
Ready for Open Science
It is part of the NICEST2 project to enhance the performance and optimize Earth System Model workflows on future computing resources like EuroHPC and LUMI.
“Having access to LUMI as part of NICEST2 is key to demonstrating that the Nordic climate community is capable of running containers efficiently on such large HPC systems. And for EOSC-Nordic, it means that we are ready to deploy Earth System Models as-a-service on the European Open Science Cloud that can use cloud computing, HPC-cloud computing, and EuroHPC computing. Therefore, we are ready for Open Science,” she says.
EOSC-Nordic aims to facilitate the coordination of European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) relevant initiatives within the Nordic and Baltic countries. The project aims to exploit synergies to achieve greater harmonization at policy and service provisioning across these countries, in compliance with EOSC agreed standards and practices.
The European High-Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC JU) is pooling European resources to develop top-of-the-range exascale supercomputers for processing big data, based on competitive European technology.
One of the pan-European pre-exascale supercomputers, LUMI, is located in CSC’s data center in Kajaani, Finland.
The supercomputer is hosted by the LUMI consortium. The LUMI (Large Unified Modern Infrastructure) consortium countries are Finland, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, Norway, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland.
LUMI will be one of the world’s best known scientific instruments for the lifespan of 2021–2026.
Source: Cecilie Maagaard Winther, DeiC and member of EOSC-Nordic WP6