Director of the Blue Brain Project at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Henry Markram is the Director of the Blue Brain Project, which he founded in 2005. He began his research career in South Africa in the early 1980s, later moving to Israel and then to the EPFL, where he founded the Brain Mind Institute in 2002. Since the start of his career, Markram has focused on neural micro circuitry, applying a broad range of anatomical, physiological, biophysical and molecular techniques, and pioneering the multi-neuron patch-clamp approach.
His best-known discoveries are the principles of Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP), Redistribution of Synaptic Efficacy (RSE), and Long-Term Microcircuit Plasticity (LTMP). He has worked with theoreticians to develop the concept of “liquid computing”, a novel technique for handling real time continuous input to recurrent neural networks. Markram has also been active in autism research, a field in which he has co-developed the “Intense World Theory of Autism”. He is currently working on the design of the Human Brain Project – the successor to the Blue Brain Project.