Intel Debuts Cooper Lake Xeons for 4- and 8-Socket Platforms

By Tiffany Trader

June 22, 2020

Recent HPCwire Featured Article – June 18, 2020

Intel today unveiled its third-generation Scalable Xeon processor family (codenamed Cooper Lake) for four- and eight-socket servers, aimed at AI and analytics workloads running in the datacenter. In total, 11 new SKUs were announced with between 16-28 cores, up to 3.1 Ghz base clock (up to 4.3 Ghz with Turbo Boost), and support for up to six memory channels.

Intel says Cooper Lake delivers an average 1.92x performance gain on cloud data analytics usage models and up to 1.98x higher database performance versus a standard five-year-old (Haswell) platform. Supermicro and Lenovo are among the system makers announcing servers today that are optimized for the new Intel processors.

The Cooper Lake launch introduces Intel Optane persistent memory 200 series, which delivers an average of 25 percent more memory bandwidth than the previous generation, according to Intel. As with the Optane 100 series, Optane 200 is available in 128 GB, 256 GB, and 512 GB modules that can sit side by side with traditional DDR4 DIMMs on the motherboard. Up to six modules fit on a single socket, providing up to 3 TB of persistent memory per socket and total memory capacity of 4.5 TB per socket.

Six Intel UPI supported per processor (Up to 10.4 GT/s)

Fabricated on Intel’s 14nm++ process, Cooper Lake is the first x86 processor to deliver built-in AI training acceleration through new bfloat16 support added to Intel Deep Learning Boost (DL Boost) technology. Intel describes bfloat16 as “a compact numeric format that uses half the bits as today’s FP32 format but achieves comparable model accuracy with minimal (if any) software changes required.”

With these new AI capabilities, a four-socket Cooper Lake platform delivered 1.93X more AI training performance and 1.87X more AI inference performance for image classification versus a four-socket Cascade Lake reference platform, in Intel benchmarking. In another internal test, Intel demonstrated 1.7x more AI training performance over Cascade Lake on BERT throughput for natural language processing.

Principal analyst at TIRIAS Research Kevin Krewell sees DL Boost and bfloat16 as critical technologies for Intel, providing an important competitive advantage. “AI acceleration with DL Boost and bfloat16 is a really innovative solution to a problem,” said Krewell. “It allows you to pack more performance and save more energy for to get the same workload done. That’s one way that Intel can stay ahead of AMD, by adding this type of instruction innovation. As much as AMD is doing a great job in terms of getting more cores into the same power envelope and improving performance on two-socket and single-socket, AMD still trails Intel in adding machine learning technologies into the server products.”

Intel reports demand for DL Boost and bfloat16 in the four- and eight-socket market, especially among the large cloud service providers. “Facebook has been the most vocal on talking about their use of our 3rd-Gen Xeon processors in their infrastructure,” a company rep told us, referencing Facebook’s May announcement that the new Xeon server CPU would be the foundation for its refreshed Open Compute Platform (OCP) servers. “Alibaba, Tencent and Baidu are also strong advocates for the technology. BF16 provides these customers, and others, with greater performance without the loss of accuracy vs. FP32. Adding BF16 into our DL Boost feature set (which also includes INT8 and FP32) enables us to continue to deliver our customers advanced AI features built into a mainstream server CPU.”

The new processors also introduce enhanced Intel Select Speed technology. Launched with the second-generation Scalable Xeon processors, Intel Select Speed technology provides users controls over the base interval frequencies of specific cores, which allows them to maximize performance of highest priority workloads. “You can think of it as a quality of service type of capability that allows you to prioritize your most important traffic your most important portion of the workload in order to guarantee a best response and then to super efficiently utilize the rest of the compute resources available to you,” said Lisa Spelman, Intel corporate vice president and general manager, Xeon and Memory Group.

Cooper Lake SKUs are differentiated based on supported features, with not all SKUs supporting all features. At the top of the SKU stack are the Intel Xeon Platinum 8380H and 8380HL processors with 28 cores, 2.9 Ghz base frequency (up to 4.3 Ghz with boost), 38.5 MB of cache memory in a 250 watt TDP, supporting four- or eight-socket platforms. The -L designation stands for “large memory” and indicates support for up to 4.5 TB of memory per socket via a combination of Optane persistent memory and DRAM. The Platinum 8380H supports Intel DL Boost for AI training. The 18-core Intel Xeon Platinum 8354H processor is the only one to support Intel DL Boost for both training and inferencing. Intel has provided a reference guide that shows the features supported by each SKU, along with a SKU table.

Originally, Cooper Lake was intended for a full-range of datacenter platforms, including two-socket servers as well as a socketed 56-core part in a multichip module package, but Intel scaled back the product family to meet an interim need between Cascade Lake Refresh and the coming Ice Lake server CPU.

“We felt like the work that we did with the Cascade Lake Refresh solved and helped meet a bunch of the market needs that we would have been trying to address [with a “top to bottom” Cooper Lake]; the four- and the eight- socket and the need for the second-generation of Optane Persistent Memory was the more pressing or pervasive opportunity,” said Spelman. “As we looked at how that all came together, we felt the Cascade Lake Refresh gave a super quick path to performance and upgradeability, Cooper Lake addresses the four- and eight-socket and then Ice Lake for the more mainstream two-socket. That felt like the right fit and gave us a chance to remove some of that congestion.”

4/8-socket Cooper Lake and 1/2-socket Ice Lake will both named “3rd Gen Intel Xeon Scalable”

Spelman said that Ice Lake, Intel’s 10nm successor to Cooper Lake, is on track to launch later this year.

Intel also reported that Sapphire Rapids, the next-gen 10nm server chip coming after Ice Lake, has recently completed its power on, and the company is testing out its features, including a next generation AI acceleration feature, called Intel Advanced Matrix Extensions or AMX, that Intel says will further boost training and the inference performance. Spelman said the specification for AMX will be published this month to give developers a chance to start preparing for it and optimizing their underlying software.

The third-generation Intel Xeon Scalable processors and Intel Optane persistent memory 200 series modules are shipping to customers today. Facebook, Alibaba, Baidu and Tencent have announced plans to adopt the CPUs. OEM systems are expected to start shipping in the second half of 2020, and Supermicro and Lenovo today announced upgraded servers that leverage the new Xeon processors and Optane 200-series memory modules.

Return to Solution Channel Homepage

Watch Intel @ ISC HIGH PERFORMANCE 2020 DIGITAL

Interactive Demos

Podcasts

Follow @IntelHPC

Intel Resources

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Machines, Connections, Data, and Especially People: OAC Acting Director Amy Friedlander Charts Office’s Blueprint for Innovation

August 3, 2020

The path to innovation in cyberinfrastructure (CI) will require continued focus on building HPC systems and secure connections between them, in addition to the increasingly important goals of data best practices and work Read more…

By Ken Chiacchia, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center/XSEDE

Nvidia Said to Be Close on Arm Deal

August 3, 2020

GPU leader Nvidia Corp. is in talks to buy U.K. chip designer Arm from parent company Softbank, according to several reports over the weekend. If consummated, analysts said the acquisition would cement Nvidia’s stat Read more…

By George Leopold

Summer Reading: Here’s a Quantum Advantage You Can Bet On!

August 3, 2020

While quantum computing researchers today vigorously chase a demonstration of a quantum advantage – an application which when run on a quantum computer provides sufficient advantage to warrant switching from a classica Read more…

By John Russell

What’s New in HPC Research: the LHC, Nuclear Reactors, Legion & More

August 1, 2020

In this bimonthly feature, HPCwire highlights newly published research in the high-performance computing community and related domains. From parallel programming to exascale to quantum computing, the details are here. Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

HPC Career Notes: August 2020 Edition

August 1, 2020

In this monthly feature, we’ll keep you up-to-date on the latest career developments for individuals in the high-performance computing community. Whether it’s a promotion, new company hire, or even an accolade, we’ Read more…

By Mariana Iriarte

AWS Solution Channel

AWS announces the release of AWS ParallelCluster 2.8.0

AWS ParallelCluster is a fully supported and maintained open source cluster management tool that makes it easy for scientists, researchers, and IT administrators to deploy and manage High Performance Computing (HPC) clusters in the AWS cloud. Read more…

Intel® HPC + AI Pavilion

Supercomputing the Pandemic: Scientific Community Tackles COVID-19 from Multiple Perspectives

Since their inception, supercomputers have taken on the biggest, most complex, and most data-intensive computing challenges—from confirming Einstein’s theories about gravitational waves to predicting the impacts of climate change. Read more…

Heterogeneous Computing Gets a Code Similarity Tool

July 31, 2020

A machine programming framework for heterogeneous computing championed by Intel Corp. and university partners is built around an automated engine that analyzes code for similarities. The approach could eventually allow n Read more…

By George Leopold

Machines, Connections, Data, and Especially People: OAC Acting Director Amy Friedlander Charts Office’s Blueprint for Innovation

August 3, 2020

The path to innovation in cyberinfrastructure (CI) will require continued focus on building HPC systems and secure connections between them, in addition to the Read more…

By Ken Chiacchia, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center/XSEDE

Nvidia Said to Be Close on Arm Deal

August 3, 2020

GPU leader Nvidia Corp. is in talks to buy U.K. chip designer Arm from parent company Softbank, according to several reports over the weekend. If consummated Read more…

By George Leopold

Intel’s 7nm Slip Raises Questions About Ponte Vecchio GPU, Aurora Supercomputer

July 30, 2020

During its second-quarter earnings call, Intel announced a one-year delay of its 7nm process technology, which it says it will create an approximate six-month shift for its CPU product timing relative to prior expectations. The primary issue is a defect mode in the 7nm process that resulted in yield degradation... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

PEARC20 Plenary Introduces Five Upcoming NSF-Funded HPC Systems

July 30, 2020

Five new HPC systems—three National Science Foundation-funded “Capacity” systems and two “Innovative Prototype/Testbed” systems—will be coming onlin Read more…

By Ken Chiacchia, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center/XSEDE

Nvidia Dominates Latest MLPerf Training Benchmark Results

July 29, 2020

MLPerf.org released its third round of training benchmark (v0.7) results today and Nvidia again dominated, claiming 16 new records. Meanwhile, Google provided e Read more…

By John Russell

$39 Billion Worldwide HPC Market Faces 3.7% COVID-related Drop in 2020

July 29, 2020

Global HPC market revenue reached $39 billion in 2019, growing a healthy 8.2 percent over 2018, according to the latest analysis from Intersect360 Research. A 3 Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Agenting Change: PEARC20 Keynote Encourages Cultural Change to Make Tech Better, More Diverse

July 29, 2020

The tech world will need to become more diverse if it is to thrive and survive, said Cherri Pancake, director of the Northwest Alliance for Computational Resear Read more…

By Ken Chiacchia, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center/XSEDE

In Big Win for COVID-19 Research, Neocortix Brings Arm Support to [email protected], [email protected]

July 28, 2020

Normally, Neocortix offers distributed cloud computing for its clients by way of PhonePaycheck, an app that pays users in exchange for the idle processing time Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Supercomputer Modeling Tests How COVID-19 Spreads in Grocery Stores

April 8, 2020

In the COVID-19 era, many people are treating simple activities like getting gas or groceries with caution as they try to heed social distancing mandates and protect their own health. Still, significant uncertainty surrounds the relative risk of different activities, and conflicting information is prevalent. A team of Finnish researchers set out to address some of these uncertainties by... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Supercomputer-Powered Research Uncovers Signs of ‘Bradykinin Storm’ That May Explain COVID-19 Symptoms

July 28, 2020

Doctors and medical researchers have struggled to pinpoint – let alone explain – the deluge of symptoms induced by COVID-19 infections in patients, and what Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Supercomputer Simulations Reveal the Fate of the Neanderthals

May 25, 2020

For hundreds of thousands of years, neanderthals roamed the planet, eventually (almost 50,000 years ago) giving way to homo sapiens, which quickly became the do Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Intel’s 7nm Slip Raises Questions About Ponte Vecchio GPU, Aurora Supercomputer

July 30, 2020

During its second-quarter earnings call, Intel announced a one-year delay of its 7nm process technology, which it says it will create an approximate six-month shift for its CPU product timing relative to prior expectations. The primary issue is a defect mode in the 7nm process that resulted in yield degradation... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

10nm, 7nm, 5nm…. Should the Chip Nanometer Metric Be Replaced?

June 1, 2020

The biggest cool factor in server chips is the nanometer. AMD beating Intel to a CPU built on a 7nm process node* – with 5nm and 3nm on the way – has been i Read more…

By Doug Black

Neocortex Will Be First-of-Its-Kind 800,000-Core AI Supercomputer

June 9, 2020

Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC - a joint research organization of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh) has won a $5 million award Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Honeywell’s Big Bet on Trapped Ion Quantum Computing

April 7, 2020

Honeywell doesn’t spring to mind when thinking of quantum computing pioneers, but a decade ago the high-tech conglomerate better known for its control systems waded deliberately into the then calmer quantum computing (QC) waters. Fast forward to March when Honeywell announced plans to introduce an ion trap-based quantum computer whose ‘performance’ would... Read more…

By John Russell

Nvidia’s Ampere A100 GPU: Up to 2.5X the HPC, 20X the AI

May 14, 2020

Nvidia's first Ampere-based graphics card, the A100 GPU, packs a whopping 54 billion transistors on 826mm2 of silicon, making it the world's largest seven-nanom Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

Australian Researchers Break All-Time Internet Speed Record

May 26, 2020

If you’ve been stuck at home for the last few months, you’ve probably become more attuned to the quality (or lack thereof) of your internet connection. Even Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

15 Slides on Programming Aurora and Exascale Systems

May 7, 2020

Sometime in 2021, Aurora, the first planned U.S. exascale system, is scheduled to be fired up at Argonne National Laboratory. Cray (now HPE) and Intel are the k Read more…

By John Russell

‘Billion Molecules Against COVID-19’ Challenge to Launch with Massive Supercomputing Support

April 22, 2020

Around the world, supercomputing centers have spun up and opened their doors for COVID-19 research in what may be the most unified supercomputing effort in hist Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Joliot-Curie Supercomputer Used to Build First Full, High-Fidelity Aircraft Engine Simulation

July 14, 2020

When industrial designers plan the design of a new element of a vehicle’s propulsion or exterior, they typically use fluid dynamics to optimize airflow and in Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

$100B Plan Submitted for Massive Remake and Expansion of NSF

May 27, 2020

Legislation to reshape, expand - and rename - the National Science Foundation has been submitted in both the U.S. House and Senate. The proposal, which seems to Read more…

By John Russell

John Martinis Reportedly Leaves Google Quantum Effort

April 21, 2020

John Martinis, who led Google’s quantum computing effort since establishing its quantum hardware group in 2014, has left Google after being moved into an advi Read more…

By John Russell

Google Cloud Debuts 16-GPU Ampere A100 Instances

July 7, 2020

On the heels of the Nvidia’s Ampere A100 GPU launch in May, Google Cloud is announcing alpha availability of the A100 “Accelerator Optimized” VM A2 instance family on Google Compute Engine. The instances are powered by the HGX A100 16-GPU platform, which combines two HGX A100 8-GPU baseboards using... Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

[email protected] Rallies a Legion of Computers Against the Coronavirus

March 24, 2020

Last week, we highlighted [email protected], a massive, crowdsourced computer network that has turned its resources against the coronavirus pandemic sweeping the globe – but [email protected] isn’t the only game in town. The internet is buzzing with crowdsourced computing... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This