US Leads Supercomputing with #1, #2 Systems & Petascale Arm

By Tiffany Trader

November 12, 2018

The 31st Supercomputing Conference (SC) – commemorating 30 years since the first Supercomputing in 1988 – kicked off in Dallas yesterday, taking over the Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center and much of the surrounding area. That means there’s another Top500 list to dive into and discuss. If you follow the space closely there were no major surprises, yet a close inspection of the list yields interesting findings and a few firsts. The United States, despite continuing to lose ground in system share, had a particularly good showing, nabbing the top two spots and standing up the world’s first petaflops Arm-powered supercomputer.

Starting from the top, DOE CORAL siblings Summit and Sierra have both upped their Linpack scores and are enjoying their number one and two spots. Built by IBM, Nvidia and Mellanox, the supercomputers entered the list six months ago with Summit taking highest honors and Sierra in third. Big sister Summit, installed at Oak Ridge, got a performance upgrade as we’d previously reported it would, climbing from 122.3 to 143.4 petaflops. It follows that Sierra, installed at number three six months ago, would likely get one as well (and it did), stepping from 71.6 to 94.6 petaflops.

Nov 2018 Top 10 – Click to Expand (Source: Top500)

Summit has also had its power efficiency optimized for the latest Linpack lineup, bumping it from 13.89 gigaflops/watts to 14.67 gigaflops/watts. Sierra didn’t include power metrics when it debuted six months ago, but now Livermore is reporting an energy efficiency of 12.72 gigaflops/watts. (We’ll look at what that means for their Green500 rankings in a moment.)

Sierra’s flops fortification was sufficient to knock China’s Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer from second to third place. Installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, TaihuLight debuted at the top of the June 2016 listing. It is comprised almost entirely of Chinese-made indigenous computing technologies.

Following in fourth place is China’s other mega-system, the Tianhe-2A (Milky Way-2A), which achieved 61.4 petaflops thanks to an upgrade earlier this year that swapped out 2012-era Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors with proprietary Matrix-2000 accelerators. Before the U.S. debuted Summit and Sierra in June 2018, China had enjoyed a long-running lead atop the list, and claimed both the first and second spots for three list iterations (June 2016  through November 2017).

Piz Daint, a Cray XC50 system installed at the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) in Lugano, Switzerland, moves up one spot into fifth place thanks to an upgrade that increased its Linpack performance from 19.6 to 21.2 petaflops. The boost secures Piz Daint’s place as fastest European HPC system, although it would have maintained that status even without the additional cores (but just barely).

Moving up three spots into sixth position is Trinity, a Cray XC40 system operated by Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. Trinity upped its performance from 14.1 to 20.2 petaflops. It is the only system in the top 10 to employ Intel Xeon Phi processors.

The AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure (ABCI) deployed at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japan has moved down two spots into seventh position with a Linpack mark of 19.9 petaflops. Made by Fujitsu the system includes Xeon Gold processors and Nvidia Tesla V100 GPUs.

SuperMUC-NG at LRZ

Welcomed into the top 10 pack as the lone new entrant is SuperMUC-NG, in sixth position with 19.5 petaflops, provided by more than 305,000 Intel Xeon 8174 cores. This is the new fastest system in Germany, built by Lenovo and installed at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (Leibniz-Rechenzentrum) in Garching, near Munich. It is the only system in the top 10 to use Intel’s Omni-Path interconnect.

Boasting 26.9 peak petaflops when it launched (compared to Piz Daint’s 25.3), SuperMUC-NG had a shot at overtaking Piz Daint for title of fastest supercomputer on the European block. However, even if Piz Daint hadn’t have added additional cores and flops, it still would have kept its lead (with 19.59 petaflops versus SuperMUC-NG’s 19.48 petaflops).

Titan, the Cray XK7 supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, moves down three spots into ninth place. The long-running U.S. record-holder debuted on the list at number one six years ago. 18,688 AMD Opterons and 18,688 Nvidia K20X GPUs provide Titan with 17.5 petaflops of Linpack goodness.

In tenth place is Sequoia, delivering 17.2 petaflops. An IBM BlueGene/Q supercomputer, Sequoia has been a critical asset of DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory since 2011.

There are 153 new systems on the list. Lassen, in 11th place, is one of them. Lassen is an IBM Power9 System (S922LC), installed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Powered by Nvidia V100s, and networked with dual-rail Mellanox EDR Infiniband, Lassen achieves 15.4 petaflops.

New additions SuperMUC-NG and Lassen mean that NERSC’s Cori supercomputer slips from tenth to twelve position. Cori is a Cray XC40, Intel Phi-based system; it is the primary HPC resource for DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Cori first entered the list at number five two years ago and has maintained its 14.01 Linpack petaflops.

Other notable new entrants are Taiwania 2, Electra and Eagle, ranked at 20 (9 petaflops), 33 (5.4 petaflops) and 35 (4.85 petaflops), respectively. Installed at the Taiwan National Center for High-performance Computing, Taiwania was manufactured by Quanta Computer in collaboration with Taiwan Fixed Network and ASUS Cloud, and consists of Xeon Gold 6154 processors and Nvidia Tesla V100 GPUs. Electra and Eagle are both built by HPE using Xeon Gold processors; the former is located at NASA/Ames Research Center and the latter at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Last but not least is notable first-timer Astra, the new Arm-based HPE-built supercomputer, deployed at Sandia National Laboratories. Astra gets the claim to fame of being the first Arm-powered supercomputer to make it onto the Top500. Seeing multiple nations betting on Arm for their exascale targets well before Arm had reached petascale has struck me as risky. As large production systems like Astra in the US, Islambad in the UK and a CEA-run system in France are stood up, Arm server chips will have their proving ground. Astra leveraged 125,328 Marvell Cavium ThunderX2 cores to deliver 1.5 High Peformance Linpack petaflops. It enters the list at number 203.

The entry point for the Top100 has reached 1.97 petaflops and there are now 427 systems with performance greater than a petaflops on the list (up from 272 six months ago).

China-U.S. Standing

China continues to lead in system share, while the U.S. maintains the aggregate performance edge it regained six months ago with the entry of its first two CORAL systems. China now claims 229 systems (45.8 percent of the total), while U.S. share fell has dropped to the lowest ever: 108 systems (21.6 percent). That wide delta in system count is offset by the U.S. having the top two systems and generally operating more powerful systems (and more real HPC systems, as opposed to Web/cloud systems), allowing the U.S. to enjoy a 38 percent performance share, compared to China’s 31 percent. Related to the rise in these non-HPC systems, Gigabit Ethernet ropes together 254 systems. 275 systems on the list are tagged as industry.

Aggregate List Performance, Green500 & HPCG

The 52nd Top500 list holds a combined performance (rMax) of 1.41 exaflops. That is an 18.3 percent increase from six months ago, when the total performance of all 500 systems first crossed the exaflops barrier, amassing 1.22 exaflops of total aggregate performance. The total theoretical peak carried by the newly published list is 2.21 exaflops, up from 1.92 exaflops six months ago.

The Green500 has been integrated into the Top500 reporting process and HPCG is also included in the list now. Summit and Sierra hold the top positions on the HPCG ranking ahead of Japan’s K computer at number three. Newcomer Astra also achieved a notable HPCG result, coming in 36th on that list.

On the Green500, Summit and Sierra achieved a position of three and seven, respectively [with 14.67 gigaflops/watt and 12.72 gigaflops/watt, as reported up above].

The top two Green500 systems are Shoubu system B and DGX Saturn, ranked 374 and 373 on the Top500. Shoubu system B, made by PEZY/Exascalar and located at RIKEN, achieves 17.6 gigaflops/watt; while DGX Saturn, made by Nvidia for Nvidia, delivers 15.1 gigaflops/watt.

Subscribe to HPCwire's Weekly Update!

Be the most informed person in the room! Stay ahead of the tech trends with industy updates delivered to you every week!

Penguin Computing Brings Cascade Lake-AP to OCP Form Factor

July 7, 2020

Penguin Computing, a subsidiary of SMART Global Holdings, Inc., is announcing a new Tundra server, Tundra AP, that is the first to implement the Intel Xeon Scalable 9200 series processors (codenamed Cascade Lake-AP) in t Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Google Cloud Debuts 16-GPU Ampere A100 Instances

July 7, 2020

On the heels of the Nvidia's Ampere A100 GPU launch in May, Google Cloud is announcing alpha availability of the A100 "Accelerator Optimized" VM A2 instance family on Google Compute Engine. The instances are powered by t Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Q&A: HLRS’s Bastian Koller Tackles HPC and Industry in Germany and Europe

July 6, 2020

HPCwire: Let's start with HLRS and work our way up to the European scale. HLRS has stood out in the HPC world for its support of both scientific and industrial research. Can you discuss key developments in recent years? Read more…

By Steve Conway, Hyperion

The Barcelona Supercomputing Center Offers a Virtual Tour of Its MareNostrum Supercomputer

July 6, 2020

With the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to threaten the world and disrupt normal operations, facility tours remain a little difficult to operate, with many supercomputing centers having shuttered facility tours for visitor Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

What’s New in Computing vs. COVID-19: Fugaku, Congress, De Novo Design & More

July 2, 2020

Supercomputing, big data and artificial intelligence are crucial tools in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic. Around the world, researchers, corporations and governments are urgently devoting their computing reso Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

AWS Solution Channel

Maxar Builds HPC on AWS to Deliver Forecasts 58% Faster Than Weather Supercomputer

When weather threatens drilling rigs, refineries, and other energy facilities, oil and gas companies want to move fast to protect personnel and equipment. And for firms that trade commodity shares in oil, precious metals, crops, and livestock, the weather can significantly impact their buy-sell decisions. Read more…

Intel® HPC + AI Pavilion

Supercomputing the Pandemic: Scientific Community Tackles COVID-19 from Multiple Perspectives

Since their inception, supercomputers have taken on the biggest, most complex, and most data-intensive computing challenges—from confirming Einstein’s theories about gravitational waves to predicting the impacts of climate change. Read more…

OpenPOWER Reboot – New Director, New Silicon Partners, Leveraging Linux Foundation Connections

July 2, 2020

Earlier this week the OpenPOWER Foundation announced the contribution of IBM’s A21 Power processor core design to the open source community. Roughly this time last year, IBM announced open sourcing its Power instructio Read more…

By John Russell

Google Cloud Debuts 16-GPU Ampere A100 Instances

July 7, 2020

On the heels of the Nvidia's Ampere A100 GPU launch in May, Google Cloud is announcing alpha availability of the A100 "Accelerator Optimized" VM A2 instance fam Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Q&A: HLRS’s Bastian Koller Tackles HPC and Industry in Germany and Europe

July 6, 2020

HPCwire: Let's start with HLRS and work our way up to the European scale. HLRS has stood out in the HPC world for its support of both scientific and industrial Read more…

By Steve Conway, Hyperion

OpenPOWER Reboot – New Director, New Silicon Partners, Leveraging Linux Foundation Connections

July 2, 2020

Earlier this week the OpenPOWER Foundation announced the contribution of IBM’s A21 Power processor core design to the open source community. Roughly this time Read more…

By John Russell

Hyperion Forecast – Headwinds in 2020 Won’t Stifle Cloud HPC Adoption or Arm’s Rise

June 30, 2020

The semiannual taking of HPC’s pulse by Hyperion Research – late fall at SC and early summer at ISC – is a much-watched indicator of things come. This yea Read more…

By John Russell

Racism and HPC: a Special Podcast

June 29, 2020

Promoting greater diversity in HPC is a much-discussed goal and ostensibly a long-sought goal in HPC. Yet it seems clear HPC is far from achieving this goal. Re Read more…

Top500 Trends: Movement on Top, but Record Low Turnover

June 25, 2020

The 55th installment of the Top500 list saw strong activity in the leadership segment with four new systems in the top ten and a crowning achievement from the f Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

ISC 2020 Keynote: Hope for the Future, Praise for Fugaku and HPC’s Pandemic Response

June 24, 2020

In stark contrast to past years Thomas Sterling’s ISC20 keynote today struck a more somber note with the COVID-19 pandemic as the central character in Sterling’s annual review of worldwide trends in HPC. Better known for his engaging manner and occasional willingness to poke prickly egos, Sterling instead strode through the numbing statistics associated... Read more…

By John Russell

ISC 2020’s Student Cluster Competition Winners Announced

June 24, 2020

Normally, the Student Cluster Competition involves teams of students building real computing clusters on the show floors of major supercomputer conferences and Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Supercomputer Modeling Tests How COVID-19 Spreads in Grocery Stores

April 8, 2020

In the COVID-19 era, many people are treating simple activities like getting gas or groceries with caution as they try to heed social distancing mandates and protect their own health. Still, significant uncertainty surrounds the relative risk of different activities, and conflicting information is prevalent. A team of Finnish researchers set out to address some of these uncertainties by... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

[email protected] Turns Its Massive Crowdsourced Computer Network Against COVID-19

March 16, 2020

For gamers, fighting against a global crisis is usually pure fantasy – but now, it’s looking more like a reality. As supercomputers around the world spin up Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

[email protected] Rallies a Legion of Computers Against the Coronavirus

March 24, 2020

Last week, we highlighted [email protected], a massive, crowdsourced computer network that has turned its resources against the coronavirus pandemic sweeping the globe – but [email protected] isn’t the only game in town. The internet is buzzing with crowdsourced computing... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Global Supercomputing Is Mobilizing Against COVID-19

March 12, 2020

Tech has been taking some heavy losses from the coronavirus pandemic. Global supply chains have been disrupted, virtually every major tech conference taking place over the next few months has been canceled... Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Supercomputer Simulations Reveal the Fate of the Neanderthals

May 25, 2020

For hundreds of thousands of years, neanderthals roamed the planet, eventually (almost 50,000 years ago) giving way to homo sapiens, which quickly became the do Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

DoE Expands on Role of COVID-19 Supercomputing Consortium

March 25, 2020

After announcing the launch of the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium on Sunday, the Department of Energy yesterday provided more details on its sco Read more…

By John Russell

Steve Scott Lays Out HPE-Cray Blended Product Roadmap

March 11, 2020

Last week, the day before the El Capitan processor disclosures were made at HPE's new headquarters in San Jose, Steve Scott (CTO for HPC & AI at HPE, and former Cray CTO) was on-hand at the Rice Oil & Gas HPC conference in Houston. He was there to discuss the HPE-Cray transition and blended roadmap, as well as his favorite topic, Cray's eighth-gen networking technology, Slingshot. Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Honeywell’s Big Bet on Trapped Ion Quantum Computing

April 7, 2020

Honeywell doesn’t spring to mind when thinking of quantum computing pioneers, but a decade ago the high-tech conglomerate better known for its control systems waded deliberately into the then calmer quantum computing (QC) waters. Fast forward to March when Honeywell announced plans to introduce an ion trap-based quantum computer whose ‘performance’ would... Read more…

By John Russell

Leading Solution Providers

Contributors

Neocortex Will Be First-of-Its-Kind 800,000-Core AI Supercomputer

June 9, 2020

Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC - a joint research organization of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh) has won a $5 million award Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

‘Billion Molecules Against COVID-19’ Challenge to Launch with Massive Supercomputing Support

April 22, 2020

Around the world, supercomputing centers have spun up and opened their doors for COVID-19 research in what may be the most unified supercomputing effort in hist Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

Nvidia’s Ampere A100 GPU: Up to 2.5X the HPC, 20X the AI

May 14, 2020

Nvidia's first Ampere-based graphics card, the A100 GPU, packs a whopping 54 billion transistors on 826mm2 of silicon, making it the world's largest seven-nanom Read more…

By Tiffany Trader

Australian Researchers Break All-Time Internet Speed Record

May 26, 2020

If you’ve been stuck at home for the last few months, you’ve probably become more attuned to the quality (or lack thereof) of your internet connection. Even Read more…

By Oliver Peckham

10nm, 7nm, 5nm…. Should the Chip Nanometer Metric Be Replaced?

June 1, 2020

The biggest cool factor in server chips is the nanometer. AMD beating Intel to a CPU built on a 7nm process node* – with 5nm and 3nm on the way – has been i Read more…

By Doug Black

15 Slides on Programming Aurora and Exascale Systems

May 7, 2020

Sometime in 2021, Aurora, the first planned U.S. exascale system, is scheduled to be fired up at Argonne National Laboratory. Cray (now HPE) and Intel are the k Read more…

By John Russell

Summit Supercomputer is Already Making its Mark on Science

September 20, 2018

Summit, now the fastest supercomputer in the world, is quickly making its mark in science – five of the six finalists just announced for the prestigious 2018 Read more…

By John Russell

TACC Supercomputers Run Simulations Illuminating COVID-19, DNA Replication

March 19, 2020

As supercomputers around the world spin up to combat the coronavirus, the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) is announcing results that may help to illumina Read more…

By Staff report

  • arrow
  • Click Here for More Headlines
  • arrow
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!
Share This